Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

    THIS PAGE IS NO LONGER UPDATED
    AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

AIZOACEAE

FIG-MARIGOLD FAMILY

John Bleck, Wayne R. Ferren Jr., Nancy J. Vivrette

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy
Stem underground or prostrate to erect
Leaves generally simple, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipule generally 0; blade generally glabrous, often glaucous
Inflorescence: cyme or flower solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals 3–8; petals generally many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear, sometimes 0; stamens 1–many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1–20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0–20, stigmas 1–20
Fruit: generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile, or berry or nut
Seeds 1–many per chamber, often with aril
Genera in family: 130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropical, especially s Africa; many cultivated, some waifs in CA (e.g., Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus: ovary glands convex and minutely crenate, stigmas densely plumose, fruit chambers 5, seeds ovate, ± smooth; Lampranthus species: ovary glands fused, fruit chambers 5, seeds pear-shaped, ± black, rough; both genera members of Ruschieae)
Reference: [Ferren et al. 1981 Madroño 28:80–85]
Glinus, Mollugo are in Molluginaceae.

TETRAGONIA

Nancy J. Vivrette

Annual, perennial herb
Stem prostrate
Leaves alternate
Inflorescence: small cluster or flower solitary, axillary, ± sessile
Flower: sepals 3–5; petals 0; stamens 1–many; ovary inferior, chambers 3–9, ovule 1, styles 3–9
Fruit nut-like, 8–10 mm diam, angled, with 2–5 horns
Seed ± reniform
Species in genus: 50 species: s hemisphere
Etymology: (Greek: four-angled)

Introduced

T. tetragonioides (Pall.) Kuntze

NEW ZEALAND SPINACH

Annual, with small crystalline papillae
Stems many, spreading, 3+ dm
Leaf 2–5 cm; petiole winged; blade triangular-ovate, base truncate, margin entire, ± wavy
Inflorescence: cluster; flowers 1–3
Flower: 5 mm; sepals 4–5, spreading
Chromosomes: 2n=32
Ecology: Common. Sand dunes, bluffs, margins of coastal wetlands
Elevation: < 100 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Central Coast, South Coast
Distribution outside California: native to s hemisphere
Synonyms: T. expansa Murray

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for TETRAGONIA%20tetragonioides being generated
 

Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page
Glossary


University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California