This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
previous taxon |
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy
Stem underground or prostrate to erect
Leaves generally simple, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipule generally 0; blade generally glabrous, often glaucous
Inflorescence: cyme or flower solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals 38; petals generally many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear, sometimes 0; stamens 1many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 120, placentas generally parietal, styles 020, stigmas 120
Fruit: generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile, or berry or nut
Seeds 1many per chamber, often with aril
Genera in family: 130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropical, especially s Africa; many cultivated, some waifs in CA (e.g., Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus: ovary glands convex and minutely crenate, stigmas densely plumose, fruit chambers 5, seeds ovate, ± smooth; Lampranthus species: ovary glands fused, fruit chambers 5, seeds pear-shaped, ± black, rough; both genera members of Ruschieae)
Reference: [Ferren et al. 1981 Madroño 28:8085]
Glinus, Mollugo are in Molluginaceae.
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous, generally papillate
Stem prostrate to erect, forming mats < 2 m diam; nodes sometimes rooting
Leaves generally < 6 cm; stipule 0; petiole base generally wide with scarious margins; blade linear to ovate, entire
Inflorescence: cyme, cluster or flower solitary; bracts 0 or 2
Flower: hypanthium obconic; calyx lobes 5, generally hooded near tip, reddish within; petals 0; stamens 1many, often fused at base; ovary half-superior, chambers 25, placentas axile, styles 25, papillate
Fruit: capsule, circumscissile, ovoid to conic, thin-walled
Seeds many, ± reniform, generally smooth, shiny, black or brown; aril present
Species in genus: 8 species: generally tropical, subtropical coasts, deserts.
Perennial, branched from base, minutely papillate
Stems many, < 9 dm; nodes not rooting
Leaf 0.54 cm, linear to widely spoon-shaped; base clasping stem
Inflorescence: flower solitary, axillary, sessile or peduncle short
Flower: calyx lobes 410 mm, margins scarious, hooded or beaked, outer surface papillate; stamens many, filaments fused to midlength, reddish
Fruit 45 mm
Seed 0.81 mm, smooth
Ecology: Uncommon. Moist or seasonally dry flats, margins of generally saline wetlands
Elevation: < 1400 m.
Bioregional distribution: Great Central Valley, Outer South Coast Ranges, South Coast, Western Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges, East of Sierra Nevada, Desert
Distribution outside California: to Oregon, Kansas, S.America
Flowering time: AprNov
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|