Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



John Bleck, Wayne R. Ferren Jr., Nancy J. Vivrette

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy
Stem underground or prostrate to erect
Leaves generally simple, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipule generally 0; blade generally glabrous, often glaucous
Inflorescence: cyme or flower solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals 3–8; petals generally many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear, sometimes 0; stamens 1–many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1–20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0–20, stigmas 1–20
Fruit: generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile, or berry or nut
Seeds 1–many per chamber, often with aril
Genera in family: 130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropical, especially s Africa; many cultivated, some waifs in CA (e.g., Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus: ovary glands convex and minutely crenate, stigmas densely plumose, fruit chambers 5, seeds ovate, ± smooth; Lampranthus species: ovary glands fused, fruit chambers 5, seeds pear-shaped, ± black, rough; both genera members of Ruschieae)
Reference: [Ferren et al. 1981 Madroño 28:80–85]
Glinus, Mollugo are in Molluginaceae.


Wayne R. Ferren Jr.

Annual, mat-forming, glabrous
Leaves opposite; stipule sheathing stem, scarious, fringed, attached to lower petiole margins
Inflorescence: flower solitary in axil; bracts fringed
Flower: calyx bell-shaped, lobes 4–5, unequal; petals 0; stamens generally 3, alternate calyx lobes; ovary superior, ovoid to round, chamber 1, placenta free-central, styles and stigmas generally 2
Fruit: capsule, circumscissile
Seeds many; aril slender, persistent on placenta
Species in genus: 2 species: Caribbean, South America
Etymology: (Greek: beehive)


C. humifusa Turpin

Stem prostrate, slender, diffusely branched from base, forming leafy mats < 10 cm
Leaves of a pair unequal; petiole ± = blade; larger blades 5–10 mm, elliptic, obtuse; axil of smaller leaf with short stem, flower, or both
Flower ± 2 mm diam; calyx lobes ± 1.5 mm, erect, ovate, margin scarious
Fruit ± round, thin-walled
Seed ± 0.3 mm, round-reniform, smooth, brown
Ecology: Uncommon. Seasonally dry margins of wetlands
Elevation: < 1000 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, Great Central Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, Peninsular Ranges
Distribution outside California: to Nevada, se US; native to Caribbean

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