Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



John Bleck, Wayne R. Ferren Jr., Nancy J. Vivrette

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy
Stem underground or prostrate to erect
Leaves generally simple, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipule generally 0; blade generally glabrous, often glaucous
Inflorescence: cyme or flower solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals 3–8; petals generally many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear, sometimes 0; stamens 1–many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1–20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0–20, stigmas 1–20
Fruit: generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile, or berry or nut
Seeds 1–many per chamber, often with aril
Genera in family: 130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropical, especially s Africa; many cultivated, some waifs in CA (e.g., Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus: ovary glands convex and minutely crenate, stigmas densely plumose, fruit chambers 5, seeds ovate, ± smooth; Lampranthus species: ovary glands fused, fruit chambers 5, seeds pear-shaped, ± black, rough; both genera members of Ruschieae)
Reference: [Ferren et al. 1981 Madroño 28:80–85]
Glinus, Mollugo are in Molluginaceae.


Nancy J. Vivrette

Stem prostrate; base woody
Leaves petioled; blade flat, lanceolate or cordate
Inflorescence: flowers solitary or whorled, terminal or axillary, sessile or peduncles short; bracts 0
Flower ± 1 cm diam; hypanthium obconic; sepals 4, unequal, 2 leaf-like, 2 tapered; petals fused at base, pink to purple; stamens many, outer sterile and petal-like, inner incurved, ± white; ovary inferior, placentas axile, style 0, stigmas 4
Fruit: capsule; valves 4; valve lids and wings 0
Seed flat, tubercled
Species in genus: 2 species: s Africa
Etymology: (Greek: wingless)


A. cordifolia (L.f.) N.E. Br.


Stem 3–6 dm; nodes widely spaced
Leaf 1–3 cm, cordate, minutely papillate
Inflorescence: flower solitary, axillary; peduncle 8–15 mm
Flower: hypanthium 6–7 mm; calyx lobes ± 5 mm; petals ± 3 mm, purple
Fruit 13–15 mm
Chromosomes: n=6
Ecology: Uncommon. Disturbed places, margins of coastal wetlands
Elevation: < 100 m.
Bioregional distribution: Central Coast, South Coast, s Channel Islands
Distribution outside California: native to s Africa
Synonyms: Mesembryanthemum c. L.f

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