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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

AIZOACEAE

FIG-MARIGOLD FAMILY

John Bleck, Wayne R. Ferren Jr., Nancy J. Vivrette

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy
Stem underground or prostrate to erect
Leaves generally simple, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipule generally 0; blade generally glabrous, often glaucous
Inflorescence: cyme or flower solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals 3–8; petals generally many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear, sometimes 0; stamens 1–many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1–20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0–20, stigmas 1–20
Fruit: generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile, or berry or nut
Seeds 1–many per chamber, often with aril
Genera in family: 130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropical, especially s Africa; many cultivated, some waifs in CA (e.g., Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus: ovary glands convex and minutely crenate, stigmas densely plumose, fruit chambers 5, seeds ovate, ± smooth; Lampranthus species: ovary glands fused, fruit chambers 5, seeds pear-shaped, ± black, rough; both genera members of Ruschieae)
Reference: [Ferren et al. 1981 Madroño 28:80–85]
Glinus, Mollugo are in Molluginaceae.

APTENIA

Nancy J. Vivrette

Perennial
Stem prostrate; base woody
Leaves petioled; blade flat, lanceolate or cordate
Inflorescence: flowers solitary or whorled, terminal or axillary, sessile or peduncles short; bracts 0
Flower ± 1 cm diam; hypanthium obconic; sepals 4, unequal, 2 leaf-like, 2 tapered; petals fused at base, pink to purple; stamens many, outer sterile and petal-like, inner incurved, ± white; ovary inferior, placentas axile, style 0, stigmas 4
Fruit: capsule; valves 4; valve lids and wings 0
Seed flat, tubercled
Species in genus: 2 species: s Africa
Etymology: (Greek: wingless)

Introduced

A. cordifolia (L.f.) N.E. Br.

BABY SUN ROSE


Stem 3–6 dm; nodes widely spaced
Leaf 1–3 cm, cordate, minutely papillate
Inflorescence: flower solitary, axillary; peduncle 8–15 mm
Flower: hypanthium 6–7 mm; calyx lobes ± 5 mm; petals ± 3 mm, purple
Fruit 13–15 mm
Chromosomes: n=6
Ecology: Uncommon. Disturbed places, margins of coastal wetlands
Elevation: < 100 m.
Bioregional distribution: Central Coast, South Coast, s Channel Islands
Distribution outside California: native to s Africa
Synonyms: Mesembryanthemum c. L.f

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