This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Tree or shrub, dioecious, evergreen
Leaves simple, alternate, not in bundles, generally appearing 2-ranked, < 5 cm, linear, decurrent; tip acute
Pollen cone with < 32 stamen-like structures
Seed solitary at tip of short twig, partly or completely enclosed by subtending aril; coat woody; cotyledons 2
Genera in family: 5 genera, 16 species: n hemisphere; some Taxus species widely used in landscaping
Reference: [Florin 1948 Bot Gaz 110:3139]
Stem: trunk often of irregular width; branches somewhat drooping; wood not aromatic
Leaves yellowish green, paler below, not aromatic; tip not sharply spiny
Pollen cone with a stalked cluster of 48 stamen-like structures
Seed maturing in 2 seasons; aril reddish, open at top
Species in genus: ± 7 species: n hemisphere
Etymology: (Latin, probably from Greek: bow, for which wood used)
Stem: trunk < 18 m, < 1.4 m wide; bark shredding, red-brown
Leaf 1025 mm, ± flexible; spine or bristle tip < 0.5 mm or 0
Seed < 10 mm, ovoid; coat smooth
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Generally dense, mixed-evergreen forest, lower slopes or canyon bottoms
Elevation: 101500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Cascade Range, n&c Sierra Nevada, San Francisco Bay Area
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, w Montana
Horticultural information: IRR, DRN, SHD: 1, 2, 3, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; SUN : 4, 5, 6.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|