Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Reed C. Rollins, except as specified

Annual to subshrub
Leaves generally basal and cauline, alternate, generally simple; stipules 0
Inflorescence: generally raceme
Flower bisexual; sepals 4, free; petals (0)4, free, generally white or yellow, often clawed; stamens generally (2,4)6, generally 4 long, 2 short; ovary 1, superior, chambers generally 2, septum membranous, connecting 2 parietal placentas, style 1, stigma simple or 2-lobed
Fruit: generally capsule ("silique") with 2 deciduous valves, sometimes breaking transversely or indehiscent
Seeds 1–many per chamber
Genera in family: 300+ genera, 3000+ species: worldwide, especially cool regions; some cultivated for food (especially Brassica, Raphanus ) and ornamental
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Capparaceae [Rodman et al. 1993 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 80:686–699; Rollins 1993 Cruciferae of Continental North America. Stanford Univ Press]
Family description, key to genera by Robert A. Price.



Annual, biennial, perennial herb; hairs simple, generally 0
Stem branched or not
Leaves simple, entire to dentate; basal ± petioled; cauline sessile, clasping stem
Flower: sepals green or purple-tinged, bases not sac-like; petals 1–2 X sepals, white to purplish
Fruit obcordate or obovate to round, flat perpendicular to septum, tip rounded or notched; valves keeled, often winged
Seeds 2–8 per chamber, ± striate; wing 0; embryonic root at edges of both cotyledons
Species in genus: ± 75 species: temp, generally n hemisphere
Etymology: (Greek: to crush shield, from flat fruit or perhaps use of crushed seeds as mustard)
Reference: [Holmgen 1971 Mem NY Bot Gard 21:1–106]


T. californicum S. Watson


Perennial, glaucous or not; caudex branched or not
Stem 1–12(20) cm, simple, slender
Leaves: basal many, 2–4 cm, sparsely dentate; cauline sessile, 1–1.5 cm, entire to dentate, lobed at base, clasping stem, green or purplish
Inflorescence 5–10 cm, open
Flower: sepals 2.5–4 mm, green to purplish; petals spoon-shaped, white
Fruit 7–10 mm, 2–3 X longer than wide, elliptic to obovate; tip acute; wing 0; pedicel ascending; style 1.5–2 mm
Seeds 2–6, dark brown
Ecology: Serpentine outcrops
Elevation: 500–700 m.
Bioregional distribution: Outer North Coast Ranges (Kneeland Prairie)
Synonyms: T. alpestre L. var. c. (S. Watson) Jeps.; T. montanum L. var. c. (S. Watson) P. Holmgren
Horticultural information: In cultivation.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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