Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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Reed C. Rollins, except as specified

Annual to subshrub
Leaves generally basal and cauline, alternate, generally simple; stipules 0
Inflorescence: generally raceme
Flower bisexual; sepals 4, free; petals (0)4, free, generally white or yellow, often clawed; stamens generally (2,4)6, generally 4 long, 2 short; ovary 1, superior, chambers generally 2, septum membranous, connecting 2 parietal placentas, style 1, stigma simple or 2-lobed
Fruit: generally capsule ("silique") with 2 deciduous valves, sometimes breaking transversely or indehiscent
Seeds 1–many per chamber
Genera in family: 300+ genera, 3000+ species: worldwide, especially cool regions; some cultivated for food (especially Brassica, Raphanus ) and ornamental
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Capparaceae [Rodman et al. 1993 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 80:686–699; Rollins 1993 Cruciferae of Continental North America. Stanford Univ Press]
Family description, key to genera by Robert A. Price.


Annual, perennial herb, woody at base or not; hairs dense ± throughout, multibranched
Stem branched
Leaves petioled, deeply pinnately lobed to wavy-margined
Inflorescence open, elongate
Flower fragrant; calyx cylindric, sepals erect, converging above, << petals, outer pair ± sac-like at base
Fruit obcordate to lyre-shaped, flattened perpendicular to septum
Seeds 3–10 per chamber; embryonic root at edges of both cotyledons
Species in genus: 3 species: sw US, Mex
Etymology: (Greek: lyre fruit, from fruit shape)


L. coulteri Hook. & Harv. var. palmeri (S. Watson) Rollins


Perennial; caudex ± woody, irregularly branched
Stems several–many, 3–8 dm, straw-colored below, grayish above
Leaf 1–15 cm, generally < 1 cm wide, linear to ± ovate; lobes linear to oblong
Flower: sepals 8–11 mm, ± 1.5 mm wide; petals 1.5–2.5 cm, linear to oblanceolate, brownish to dull purple, blades 1–3 mm wide, generally twisted, tip acute to acuminate
Fruit 1–2 cm, ± as wide as long; pedicel spreading or ascending, 3–7 mm; style ± 0, stigma with 2 large spreading lobes
Seeds 3–5 per chamber, 2–3 mm, round; wing 0
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Dry slopes, gravelly flats, washes
Elevation: < 600 m.
Bioregional distribution: Sonoran Desert
Distribution outside California: Baja California
Flowering time: Dec–Apr
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for LYROCARPA%20coulteri%20var.%20palmeri being generated
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Lyrocarpa coulteri var. palmeri
Retrieve dichotomous key for Lyrocarpa
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
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