Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

    THIS PAGE IS NO LONGER UPDATED
    AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

BRASSICACEAE

MUSTARD FAMILY

Reed C. Rollins, except as specified

Annual to subshrub
Leaves generally basal and cauline, alternate, generally simple; stipules 0
Inflorescence: generally raceme
Flower bisexual; sepals 4, free; petals (0)4, free, generally white or yellow, often clawed; stamens generally (2,4)6, generally 4 long, 2 short; ovary 1, superior, chambers generally 2, septum membranous, connecting 2 parietal placentas, style 1, stigma simple or 2-lobed
Fruit: generally capsule ("silique") with 2 deciduous valves, sometimes breaking transversely or indehiscent
Seeds 1–many per chamber
Genera in family: 300+ genera, 3000+ species: worldwide, especially cool regions; some cultivated for food (especially Brassica, Raphanus ) and ornamental
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Capparaceae [Rodman et al. 1993 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 80:686–699; Rollins 1993 Cruciferae of Continental North America. Stanford Univ Press]
Family description, key to genera by Robert A. Price.

CAULANTHUS

JEWELFLOWER

Roy E. Buck

Annual to perennial herb, generally tapered-hairy on leaves and lower stem
Stem generally ascending to erect, ± glaucous
Leaves ± entire to deeply cut; basal generally rosetted, withering, generally oblanceolate to obovate; cauline generally linear to obovate, clasping, reduced
Inflorescence becoming more open; bracts generally 0
Flower biradial to ± bilateral; calyx ± urn-shaped, sepals often ± pouched below, generally not green, generally not darker in bud, generally erect after flower; petal (and sepal) margins often scarious, wavy or not; filaments generally in 3 pairs, generally free (or longest 1–2 pairs ± fused below); style < 4 mm, stigma generally 2-lobed
Fruit ascending to reflexed, generally cylindric
Seed generally ± oblong, generally compressed, generally ± brown
Species in genus: ± 14 species: ± sw North America
Etymology: (Greek: stem flower, from use of some as cauliflower-like vegetable)

Native

C. crassicaulis (Torr.) S. Watson

THICK-STEM WILD CABBAGE

Perennial from woody caudex; herbage ± glabrous
Stem ± inflated, branched or not
Leaves < 10 cm, petioled; rosette persistent; basal and lower cauline oblanceolate, entire to deeply cut; upper much-reduced, ± linear, entire
Flower: sepals 8–15 mm, ± pouched below; petals 10–20 mm, purplish or brownish, margins scarious, not wavy; style < 0.5 mm, stigma lobes > 0.5 mm
Fruit erect to ascending, 6–13 cm
Ecology: Dry sagebrush scrub, pinyon/juniper woodland
Elevation: 900–2900 m.
Bioregional distribution: White and Inyo Mountains, n&c Desert Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Idaho, Wyoming, Colorado, Arizona

Native

var. crassicaulis


Flower: sepals greenish, generally purplish near tips, ± densely hairy
Ecology: Uncommon. Habitats and range of sp
Elevation:
Bioregional distribution: White and Inyo Mountains, n&c Desert Mountains

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for CAULANTHUS%20crassicaulis%20var.%20crassicaulis being generated
 


Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Caulanthus crassicaulis var. crassicaulis
Retrieve dichotomous key for Caulanthus
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page
Glossary


University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California