Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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Reed C. Rollins, except as specified

Annual to subshrub
Leaves generally basal and cauline, alternate, generally simple; stipules 0
Inflorescence: generally raceme
Flower bisexual; sepals 4, free; petals (0)4, free, generally white or yellow, often clawed; stamens generally (2,4)6, generally 4 long, 2 short; ovary 1, superior, chambers generally 2, septum membranous, connecting 2 parietal placentas, style 1, stigma simple or 2-lobed
Fruit: generally capsule ("silique") with 2 deciduous valves, sometimes breaking transversely or indehiscent
Seeds 1–many per chamber
Genera in family: 300+ genera, 3000+ species: worldwide, especially cool regions; some cultivated for food (especially Brassica, Raphanus ) and ornamental
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Capparaceae [Rodman et al. 1993 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 80:686–699; Rollins 1993 Cruciferae of Continental North America. Stanford Univ Press]
Family description, key to genera by Robert A. Price.



Annual, perennial herb, fleshy, many-branched, generally glabrous
Stem erect or decumbent
Leaf fleshy
Inflorescence terminal, elongating; bracts generally 0
Flower: petals lavender to white
Fruit fleshy, green, in age dry, corky, with 2 transversely jointed, indehiscent segments, each falsely 1-chambered, generally 1-seeded
Seeds: upper > lower
Species in genus: ± 4 species: shores, North America, Eur, Africa
Etymology: (Arabic name)
Reference: [Rodman 1974 Contr Gray Herb 205:3–146]


C. maritima Scop.

Annual, prostrate or mound-forming to erect
Leaf obovate to spoon-shaped, petioled
Fruit 1.5–3 cm; upper segment conic to cylindric, tip acute to blunt
Chromosomes: 2n=18
Ecology: Beach dunes
Elevation: < 50 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Central Coast, South Coast
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, eastern N.America, Mexico; native to Europe

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bioregional map for CAKILE%20maritima being generated
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Cakile maritima
Retrieve dichotomous key for Cakile
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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