Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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BRASSICACEAE

MUSTARD FAMILY

Reed C. Rollins, except as specified

Annual to subshrub
Leaves generally basal and cauline, alternate, generally simple; stipules 0
Inflorescence: generally raceme
Flower bisexual; sepals 4, free; petals (0)4, free, generally white or yellow, often clawed; stamens generally (2,4)6, generally 4 long, 2 short; ovary 1, superior, chambers generally 2, septum membranous, connecting 2 parietal placentas, style 1, stigma simple or 2-lobed
Fruit: generally capsule ("silique") with 2 deciduous valves, sometimes breaking transversely or indehiscent
Seeds 1–many per chamber
Genera in family: 300+ genera, 3000+ species: worldwide, especially cool regions; some cultivated for food (especially Brassica, Raphanus ) and ornamental
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Capparaceae [Rodman et al. 1993 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 80:686–699; Rollins 1993 Cruciferae of Continental North America. Stanford Univ Press]
Family description, key to genera by Robert A. Price.

CAKILE

SEA ROCKET

Annual, perennial herb, fleshy, many-branched, generally glabrous
Stem erect or decumbent
Leaf fleshy
Inflorescence terminal, elongating; bracts generally 0
Flower: petals lavender to white
Fruit fleshy, green, in age dry, corky, with 2 transversely jointed, indehiscent segments, each falsely 1-chambered, generally 1-seeded
Seeds: upper > lower
Species in genus: ± 4 species: shores, North America, Eur, Africa
Etymology: (Arabic name)
Reference: [Rodman 1974 Contr Gray Herb 205:3–146]

Introduced

C. maritima Scop.

Annual, prostrate or mound-forming to erect
Leaf obovate to spoon-shaped, petioled
Fruit 1.5–3 cm; upper segment conic to cylindric, tip acute to blunt
Chromosomes: 2n=18
Ecology: Beach dunes
Elevation: < 50 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Central Coast, South Coast
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, eastern N.America, Mexico; native to Europe

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bioregional map for CAKILE%20maritima being generated
 
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Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Cakile maritima
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