Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

    THIS PAGE IS NO LONGER UPDATED
    AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

BRASSICACEAE

MUSTARD FAMILY

Reed C. Rollins, except as specified

Annual to subshrub
Leaves generally basal and cauline, alternate, generally simple; stipules 0
Inflorescence: generally raceme
Flower bisexual; sepals 4, free; petals (0)4, free, generally white or yellow, often clawed; stamens generally (2,4)6, generally 4 long, 2 short; ovary 1, superior, chambers generally 2, septum membranous, connecting 2 parietal placentas, style 1, stigma simple or 2-lobed
Fruit: generally capsule ("silique") with 2 deciduous valves, sometimes breaking transversely or indehiscent
Seeds 1–many per chamber
Genera in family: 300+ genera, 3000+ species: worldwide, especially cool regions; some cultivated for food (especially Brassica, Raphanus ) and ornamental
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Capparaceae [Rodman et al. 1993 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 80:686–699; Rollins 1993 Cruciferae of Continental North America. Stanford Univ Press]
Family description, key to genera by Robert A. Price.

BRASSICA

MUSTARD, TURNIP

Annual, perennial herb; hairs simple
Stem erect, branched, glabrous above
Leaves: basal and lower cauline petioled, dentate to pinnately lobed, lateral lobes < terminal
Inflorescence terminal; bracts ± 0
Flower: sepals erect; petals generally yellow
Fruit linear; valves 1-veined; beak conic or cylindric, with seeds 0 or rarely 1–2
Seeds many, 1 row per chamber, spheric, finely to coarsely netted
Species in genus: ± 35 species: Medit, Eurasia, some naturalized ± worldwide
Etymology: (Latin: cabbage)
Naturalizing CVS soon lose desirable food properties. B. oleracea L., cabbage, with thick, glaucous leaves and open inflorescence, is established on se-facing seacliffs, n CCo, c&s NCo.

Introduced

B. tournefortii Gouan

Annual, branched ± from base, widely above
Stem < 7 dm; hairs on lower stem ± dense, stiff, white
Leaves: basal rosetted, persistent, petioled, pinnately lobed, serrate-dentate; cauline few, base tapered, uppermost bract-like
Fruit 3–7 cm, cylindric, narrowed between seeds; pedicels spreading, lower 8–15 mm; beak 1–1.5 cm, stout
Seed ± 1 mm wide, finely netted
Chromosomes: 2n=20
Ecology: Roadsides, washes, open areas
Elevation: < 800 m.
Bioregional distribution: Southwestern California, Desert
Distribution outside California: to s Nevada, Texas; native to Mediterranean
Flowering time: Jan–Jun
Locally abundant.

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for BRASSICA%20tournefortii being generated
 


Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Brassica tournefortii
Retrieve dichotomous key for Brassica
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page
Glossary


University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California