This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Perennial, shrub, generally from rhizomes; caudex sometimes present, glabrous, glaucous, or hairy
Stems spreading to erect, branched or not
Leaves simple, 13-ternate, or pinnately compound, basal and cauline, generally alternate, deciduous or evergreen, petioled
Inflorescence: generally raceme, spike, or panicle, scapose, terminal, or axillary
Flower: sepals 618 or 0, generally in whorls of 3; petals generally 6, in 2 whorls of 3, or 0; stamens 612, free or fused at base, 2-whorled or not, anthers dehiscent by flap-like valves or longitudinal slits; ovary superior, chamber 1, ovules generally 110, style 1 or 0, stigma flat or spheric
Fruit: berry, capsule, or achene
Genera in family: 16 genera, ± 670 species: temp, tropical worldwide; some cultivated (Berberis, Epimedium, Nandina (Heavenly bamboo), Vancouveria )
Reference: [Ernst 1964 J Arnold Arbor 45:135]
Shrub, generally from rhizomes
Stems spreading to erect, branching, spiny or not, sometimes vine-like; inner bark, wood generally bright yellow; bud bracts deciduous or persistent
Leaves simple or pinnately compound, cauline, alternate, deciduous or evergreen; leaflets generally 311, ± round to lanceolate, generally spine-toothed
Inflorescence: raceme, axillary or terminal
Flower: sepals 9 in 3 whorls of 3; petals 6 in 2 whorls of 3, base generally glandular; stamens 6, anther valves pointed down to ± spreading; ovules 29, stigma ± spheric
Fruit: berry, spheric to elliptic, generally purple-black
Species in genus: ± 600 species: temp worldwide
Etymology: (Latin: ancient Arabic name for barberry)
[see Moran 1982 Phytologia 52:221226 for relationship between Berberis and Mahonia ] Roots often TOXIC; spines may inject fungal spores into skin.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stems erect, 0.14(5) m; bud bracts < 5 mm, generally deciduous
Leaves 36 cm, crowded on short lateral stems; petiole < 1 cm; leaflets 37(9); terminal leaflet 1.52.5 cm, 11.5 cm wide, ovate, oblong, or lanceolate, wavy, generally folded along midrib, base truncate to wedge-shaped, tip generally acute, margin ± lobed, spine-tipped teeth 38, 23 mm
Inflorescence 45.5 cm, open; axis internodes 210 mm, 510 mm in fruit; flowers 812
Fruit 615 mm diam, ± spheric, glaucous, yellowish or purplish red to dark purple
Seeds 34 mm
Ecology: Rocky slopes, pinyon/juniper woodland, chaparral
Elevation: 9001850 m.
Bioregional distribution: Peninsular Ranges, e&s Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: to Colorado, New Mexico, Mexico
Flowering time: AprJun
Synonyms: B. higginsiae Munz; Mahonia higginsiae (Munz) Ahrendt, Higgins' barberry
Intergrades with B. haematocarpa , especially in e DMoj
Horticultural information: 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 23, 24 IRR: 2, 3, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|