Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

BASELLACEAE

BASELLA FAMILY

Elizabeth McClintock

Perennial vines, ± fleshy, glabrous
Leaves simple, alternate, petioled, entire; stipule 0
Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, or spike, terminal or axillary; pedicel subtended by bract, with 2 fused bractlets immediately subtending flower
Flower bisexual, radial; sepals 2; petals 5, ± fused at base to form a shallow cup; stamens 5, from petal cup; ovary superior, chamber 1, styles 3, sometimes ± fused, stigmas ± spheric or elongate
Fruit indehiscent, fleshy or papery, enclosed in perianth
Seed 1
Genera in family: 4 genera, ± 20 species: tropical, subtropical, mostly Am; some cultivated (Anredera , ornamental; Basella , edible leaves; Ullucus , edible tubers)
Reference: [Bogle 1969 J Arnold Arbor 50:590–598]

ANREDERA

MADEIRA VINE


Inflorescence: panicle of spike-like racemes
Flower: calyx, corolla spreading, ± similar
Species in genus: ± 14 species: tropical, subtropical Am
Etymology: (Derivation unknown)
Reference: [Van Steenis 1957 Fl Malesiana I 5(3):302–304]

Introduced

A. cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis

MIGNONETTE VINE

Root tuber-like
Stem with small axillary tubers
Leaf 2–8 cm; blade ± cordate
Inflorescence ± 30 cm; flowers many; pedicel < 2 mm
Flower ± 6 mm diam; perianth white, fragrant, black in fruit
Fruit not seen
Ecology: Uncommon. Disturbed urban areas
Elevation: < 500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Central Coast, South Coast
Distribution outside California: native to S.America
Synonyms: Boussingaultia gracilis Miers var. pseudobaselloides L.H. Bailey
Spreads rapidly by stem tubers; fruit 0 in CA.

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