|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial, in soil or rock crevices; rhizome generally short-creeping, suberect, or erect, scales large, generally tan to brown, generally 1-colored
Leaves generally tufted, 5200+ cm, generally ± alike; petiole generally firm, base generally darker, with 2many vascular strands; blade 14-pinnate, often with scales, hair-like scales, hairs (except clear, needle-like hairs generally 0), or short-stalked glands on axes, sometimes between veins, veins free to netted; 1° and 2° axes generally grooved on upper side
Sporangia: sori round, less often oblong or J-shaped, along or at tips of veins; indusia peltate, round-reniform, oblong to linear, J-shaped, hood-like, or cup-like, rarely 0; spores elliptic, winged, ridged, or spiny, scar linear
Genera in family: ± 60 genera, > 1000 species: worldwide, especially tropical, wooded areas. Woodsia sometimes in Woodsiaceae; Athyrium, Cystopteris sometimes in Athyriaceae.
Rhizome generally suberect to erect, often stout
Leaf: petiole stout, firm, generally densely scaly, in X -section with many round vascular strands in an arc; blade generally 13-pinnate, thin to leathery, scaly, veins generally free, rarely casually joined; 1° leaflet bases often wider on distal side; teeth generally including bristle-like tips that are < 2 mm
Sporangia: sori round; indusium generally peltate, sinus 0
Species in genus: ± 175+ species: ± worldwide
Etymology: (Greek: many rows, from rows of sori on type sp.)
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaf generally 1060 cm; petiole generally 1/61/10 blade length, base scales 24(5) mm wide, ovate-lanceolate; blade linear, 1-pinnate; 1° leaflets generally 13(4) cm, lowest ± deltate, ± 1/2 length of longest
Sporangia: indusium entire or minutely toothed
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Generally shaded, moist or wet, granite or limestone crevices or bluffs
Elevation: 18002600 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges (Yolla Bolly Mtns), n High Sierra Nevada
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, e Canada, Rocky Mtns, Eurasia
Horticultural information: DRN: 4, 5 &IRR: 1, 2, 3, 6 &SHD: 7, 15, 16, 17; DFCLT.