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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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CUPRESSACEAE

CYPRESS FAMILY

Jim A. Bartel

Shrub, tree, evergreen, monoecious or dioecious
Leaves cauline, opposite and 4-ranked or whorled in 3's and 6-ranked, generally scale-like, decurrent, completely covering young stems
Pollen cone small, axillary or terminal
Seed cone ± fleshy to woody, generally hard at maturity; scales opposite or whorled
Seeds 1–many per scale, generally angled or winged, generally wind-dispersed
Genera in family: 17 genera, ± 120 species: worldwide; all North America genera cultivated
Reference: [Elias 1980 Complete Trees North America]
Juvenile leaves needle- or awl-like, sometimes present in ± mature plants, especially in response to grazing or infection, especially in Cupressus, Juniperus.

CUPRESSUS

CYPRESS

Large shrub, tree, often pyramidal in youth, monoecious
Stem: young shoots generally cylindric (sometimes 4-angled or flat), generally arrayed in 3-dimensional clusters
Leaves opposite, 4-ranked, scale-like, closely appressed, overlapping
Pollen cone generally yellow
Seed cone 6–50 mm, woody, ± spheric to widely cylindric, maturing 1st or 2nd year, often closed > 2 years; scales 6–12, peltate, abutting, shield- or wedge-shaped; projection often present, small, pointed, generally less visible in age
Seeds 2–many per scale, flat, winged; cotyledons 2–5
Chromosomes: 2n=22 for all reports
Species in genus: ± 22 species: w North America, Eurasia
Etymology: (Latin: cypress)
Reference: [Wolf 1948 Aliso 1:1–250]

Native

C. sargentii Jeps.

SARGENT CYPRESS

Tree (2)10–20 m
Stem: bark fibrous, thick, gray or dark brown to ± black; young shoots 1.5–2 mm diam, cylindric to 4-sided
Leaf dull, dusty green to grayish green, glaucous or not
Pollen cone 3–4 mm, 2 mm diam, 4-sided to cylindric; scales generally 10–12; pollen sacs 3–4 per scale
Seed cone 15–30 mm, spheric, rough-surfaced, dull brown to gray, scales 6–10, projection inconspicuous
Seed 5–6 mm, dark brown, generally glaucous; attachment scar generally conspicuous
Ecology: Closed-cone-pine/cypress, yellow-pine forests, chaparral, serpentine
Elevation: 200–1000 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast Ranges
Horticultural information: DRN: 3, 6, 7, 15, 16, 17, 24 &IRR: 14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23.

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bioregional map for CUPRESSUS%20sargentii being generated
 
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Cupressus sargentii
Retrieve dichotomous key for Cupressus
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Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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