Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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CUPRESSACEAE

CYPRESS FAMILY

Jim A. Bartel

Shrub, tree, evergreen, monoecious or dioecious
Leaves cauline, opposite and 4-ranked or whorled in 3's and 6-ranked, generally scale-like, decurrent, completely covering young stems
Pollen cone small, axillary or terminal
Seed cone ± fleshy to woody, generally hard at maturity; scales opposite or whorled
Seeds 1–many per scale, generally angled or winged, generally wind-dispersed
Genera in family: 17 genera, ± 120 species: worldwide; all North America genera cultivated
Reference: [Elias 1980 Complete Trees North America]
Juvenile leaves needle- or awl-like, sometimes present in ± mature plants, especially in response to grazing or infection, especially in Cupressus, Juniperus.

CUPRESSUS

CYPRESS

Large shrub, tree, often pyramidal in youth, monoecious
Stem: young shoots generally cylindric (sometimes 4-angled or flat), generally arrayed in 3-dimensional clusters
Leaves opposite, 4-ranked, scale-like, closely appressed, overlapping
Pollen cone generally yellow
Seed cone 6–50 mm, woody, ± spheric to widely cylindric, maturing 1st or 2nd year, often closed > 2 years; scales 6–12, peltate, abutting, shield- or wedge-shaped; projection often present, small, pointed, generally less visible in age
Seeds 2–many per scale, flat, winged; cotyledons 2–5
Chromosomes: 2n=22 for all reports
Species in genus: ± 22 species: w North America, Eurasia
Etymology: (Latin: cypress)
Reference: [Wolf 1948 Aliso 1:1–250]

Native

C. macrocarpa Hartw.

MONTEREY CYPRESS

Tree 20–25 m
Stem: bark fibrous, rich brown aging ash-gray; young shoots 1.5–2.5 mm diam, cylindric
Leaf rich bright green, not glaucous
Pollen cone ± 6 mm, 2.5–3 mm diam, ± 4-sided; scales 12–14; pollen sacs 6–10 per scale
Seed cone 25–38 mm, 17–25 mm diam, spheric to elliptic, brown; scales 8–12, projections 2 mm
Seed 5–6 mm, 2–3 mm thick, dark brown; attachment scar whitish, conspicuous
Ecology: Closed-cone-pine/cypress forests
Elevation: < 30 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Central Coast
Horticultural information: In cultivation.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for CUPRESSUS%20macrocarpa being generated
 


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