Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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CUPRESSACEAE

CYPRESS FAMILY

Jim A. Bartel

Shrub, tree, evergreen, monoecious or dioecious
Leaves cauline, opposite and 4-ranked or whorled in 3's and 6-ranked, generally scale-like, decurrent, completely covering young stems
Pollen cone small, axillary or terminal
Seed cone ± fleshy to woody, generally hard at maturity; scales opposite or whorled
Seeds 1–many per scale, generally angled or winged, generally wind-dispersed
Genera in family: 17 genera, ± 120 species: worldwide; all North America genera cultivated
Reference: [Elias 1980 Complete Trees North America]
Juvenile leaves needle- or awl-like, sometimes present in ± mature plants, especially in response to grazing or infection, especially in Cupressus, Juniperus.

CALOCEDRUS

INCENSE CEDAR

Tree, generally widely conic, monoecious
Stem: young shoots very flat, in flat clusters
Leaves opposite, 4-ranked, appearing whorled in 4's, scale-like, closely appressed, overlapping, exposed part longer than wide; leaf bases elongated on smallest shoots
Seed cone ± pendent, woody, ± oblong, maturing 1st year; scales in 3 partially overlapping pairs, middle pair fertile
Seeds 2 per fertile scale, flat, unequally 2-winged; cotyledons 2
Species in genus: 3 species: w North America, e Asia
Etymology: (Greek: beautiful cedar)

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