|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Shrub, tree; generally dioecious or flowers bisexual and unisexual; resin clear, often weathering black, generally aromatic, latex milky or 0. Leaf: simple to ternate- or odd-pinnate-compound, alternate, deciduous or evergreen; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle; flowers generally many. Flower: generally unisexual, radial; sepals generally 5, base generally ± fused; petals 5, generally > sepals, free; (perianth parts 1–7 in Pistacia); stamens 4–7 or 10, vestigial in pistillate flowers; ovary superior, vestigial or 0 in staminate flowers, subtended by ± lobed, disk-like nectary, chamber generally 1, ovule generally 1, styles 1–3. Fruit: drupe-like, generally ± flat, sticky or not, hairs short or 0; pulp ± resinous, aromatic or not.
70+ genera, ± 850 species: tropics, warm temperate; some ornamental (Rhus, Schinus), cultivated for fruit (Anacardium, cashew; Mangifera, mango; Pistacia, pistachio). TOXIC: many genera produce contact dermatitis. [Yi et al. 2007 Syst Bot 32:379–391] —Scientific Editors: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Pell 2004 Ph.D. Dissertation, Louisiana State Univ, Baton Rouge; Cronquist et al. 1997 Anacardiaceae In: Intermountain Flora 3A:313–317; Wannan & Quinn 1991 Bot J Linn Soc 107:349–385; Wannan & Quinn 1990 Bot J Linn Soc 103:225–252; Ibe & Leis 1979 Bull Torrey Bot Club 106:140–144; Brizicky 1963 J Arnold Arbor 44:60–80]
Key to Anacardiaceae
Tree, branches ending in thorn or not; dioecious. Leaf: simple or compound; leaflets 5–20, ± leathery, ± resinous, entire to toothed. Inflorescence: panicle, axillary or terminal, open to ± dense; pedicels short. Flower: sepals, petals ± white to ± yellow; stamens 10, 2 whorls of 5, vestigial in pistillate flowers; styles 3, fused at base. Fruit: drupe, spheric, leathery, shiny, generally pink to red; pulp resinous to oily, aromatic.Key to Schinus
± 25 species: tropics, warm temperate South America. (Greek: ancient name) [Carmello-Guerreiro & Paoli 2002 Brazil Arch Biol Technol 45:73–79]
Unabridged references: [Las Penas et al. 2006 Arnaldoa 13(2):270–275; Randall 2000 In: Bossard et al., eds, Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands; Hoffmann 1998 Flora Silvestre de Chile, Zona Central, Claudio Gay Fundacion, Santiago; Sanders 1996 Madroño 43:530; Wannan & Quinn 1991 Bot J Linn Soc 107:349–385; Wannan & Quinn 1990 Bot J Linn Soc 103:225–252; Barkley 1957 Lilloa 28:5–110; Barkley 1944 Brittonia 5:160–198]
Previous taxon: Rhus ovata
Next taxon: Schinus molle
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 22 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Schinus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=9980, accessed on May 22 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records