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MYRICACEAE WAX MYRTLE FAMILY

Allan J. Bornstein

Shrub, small tree, generally aromatic, evergreen or deciduous; generally monoecious or dioecious; roots generally with nitrogen-fixing bacteria; hairs generally both nonglandular, thread-like and glandular, peltate. Leaf: simple, alternate, entire to pinnately lobed, resin-dotted; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike, catkin-like, axillary; staminate, pistillate separate. Flower: generally unisexual, small; perianth generally 0. Staminate flower: subtended by 1 bract, 0 [1–4] bractlets. Pistillate flower: subtended by 1 bract, 2 or 4–6[3(8)] bractlets; ovary superior [to ± inferior], ovule 1, style 1, stigmas 2, short. Fruit: generally drupe or nut-like, small, rough or smooth, waxy or not, sometimes winged or bur-like from fused bractlets.
4 genera, ± 45 species: generally temperate, subtropics fruit of some Morella boiled to make fragrant wax. [Carlquist 2002 Aliso 21:7–29] Myrica as treated in TJM (1993) split into 2 genera based on Wilbur 1994 Sida 16:93–107. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Bornstein 1997 FNANM 3:429–434]
Unabridged note: Comptonia of eastern North America, Canacomyrica of New Caledonia each have 1 sp.; Myrica has 2 species

Key to Myricaceae

MYRICA
Shrub. Leaf: aromatic; blade unlobed, ± serrate, especially in upper 1/2. Staminate flower: stamens generally 3–5.
2 species in North America, Eurasia, temperate. (Greek: old name for fragrant shrub) Myrica californica moved to Morella.
Unabridged note: Myrica gale L. circumboreal.

Previous taxon: Morella californica
Next taxon: Myrica hartwegii

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 31 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Myrica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=9907, accessed on Oct 31 2014

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