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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Shrub, tree; generally dioecious. Stem: occasionally thorny; bark often bitter. Leaf: generally alternate, simple, entire, or pinnately compound, leaflets subentire to toothed near base. Inflorescence: panicle, raceme, or flowers 1. Flower: unisexual, inconspicuous; sepals generally 4–5, generally fused at base, generally erect; petals generally 5, free, generally spreading; stamens generally 10, generally on disk, filaments often with a basal scale; pistils 1–8, ovaries superior, 1–2-chambered, 1-ovuled [if pistil 1, chambers generally 2–5, 1-ovuled], styles free or partly fused. Fruit: winged achenes or drupes [berry, nut], in clusters [not].
22 genera, 100 species: tropics, warm temperate; some cultivated. [Clayton et al. 2007 Int J Plant Sci 168:1325–1339] Bark, leaves used traditionally to treat malaria, other ailments. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Brizicky 1962 J Arnold Arbor 43:173–186; Fernando & Quinn 1995 Taxon 44:177–181]
Key to Simaroubaceae
Leaf: linear to lanceolate on young stems, scale-like on mature. Flower: calyx lobes 4–8; petals 4–8; stamens 8–24; ovaries 4–8, adherent near middle, style bases fused, tips spreading. Fruit: dry, 4–8, spreading.
± 15 species: southwestern and south-central United States, to South America. (René R.L. Castel, French botanist, poet, editor, opera librettist, 1759–1832) Holacantha still recognized by some (e.g., Clayton et al. 2007).
Unabridged references: [Moran & Felger 1968 Trans San Diego Soc Nat Hist 15:31–40]
Previous taxon: Ailanthus altissima
Next taxon: Castela emoryi
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jan 27 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Castela, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=9897, accessed on Jan 27 2015
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