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LAMIACEAE (Labiatae) MINT FAMILY

Dieter H. Wilken & Margriet Wetherwax, family description, key to genera

Annual to shrub [tree, vine], glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic. Stem: generally erect, generally 4-angled. Leaf: generally simple to deeply lobed, generally opposite, generally gland-dotted. Inflorescence: generally cymes, generally many in dense axillary clusters surrounding stem, generally separated by evident internodes or collectively crowded, spike- or panicle-like, occasionally head-like or raceme, subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1–2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, occasionally 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, epipetalous, generally exserted, paired, pairs generally unequal, occasionally 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, generally arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2. Fruit: generally 4 nutlets, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth.
± 230 genera, 7200 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula, lavender; Mentha, mint; Rosmarinus, rosemary; Thymus, thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in California Cedronella, Leonotis, Monarda, Phlomis). [Harley et al. 2004 Fam Generally Vasc Plant 7:167–275] Moluccella laevis L., shell flower, historical waif in California. Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele subsp. ascendens (Jordan) Briq. reported as alien but not naturalized. Salazaria moved to Scutellaria; California Hyptis moved to Condea, California Satureja moved to Clinopodium. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Lamiaceae

CONDEA

Raymond M. Harley & Thomas J. Rosatti

Shrub to tree, glabrous to densely hairy. Stem: erect to spreading, branched. Leaf: generally petioled. Inflorescence: axillary; flower clusters loose to dense, occasionally in heads, involucre of bracts 0 (present). Flower: calyx generally 5-lobed, lobes generally equal; corolla 2-lipped, upper lip 2-lobed, flat, lower lip 3-lobed, central lobe reflexed in age, ± pouched; stamens 4, fertile, curved, reclining on lower lip, exserted; style lobes ± equal. Fruit: nutlets angled, rough to smooth.
26 species: warm temperate, tropics, North America to South America. (Name used by Adanson without explanation) Some species used for flavoring (oils), food (seeds), medicinal. Segregated from Hyptis based on nuclear and plastid DNA (Harley & Pastore 2012 Phytotaxa 58:1–55).

C. emoryi (Torr.) Harley & J.F.B. Pastore DESERT LAVENDER
NATIVE
Shrub 1–4 m, densely hairy, hairs branched, white. Stem: branches erect to spreading; twigs densely hairy, glabrous in age. Leaf: petiole 3–7 mm; blade 1–3 cm, generally ovate to ± round, crenate to dentate. Inflorescence: ± spheric; cymes loose, flowers generally 10–15, subtended by small bracts, lower larger, leaf-like; pedicel 2–3.5 mm. Flower: calyx 4–5 mm, tubular, densely white-hairy, lobes ± filamentous; corolla 4–6 mm, violet.
Gravelly, sandy washes, canyons, desert scrub; < 1000 m. s Mojave Desert, Sonoran Desert; Arizona, northwestern Mexico. [Hyptis emoryi Torr.] Jan–May [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 16 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Condea, Revision 1, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=98461, accessed on Sep 16 2014

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Condea emoryi Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.