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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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[(Annual), shrub], perennial herb generally from [bulb], corm, or rhizome. Stem: generally erect, generally ± round in ×-section. Leaf: generally basal (few cauline), 2-ranked, ± sword-shaped, blade edge-wise to stem, with midvein or not; bases overlapped, sheathing. Inflorescence: generally ± terminal; spikes, umbel-like cymes, or flowers 1; flowers in spikes or 1 subtended by 2 subopposite flower bracts; umbel-like cymes enclosed by 2 subopposite, generally large, leaf-like inflorescence bracts, including various flower bracts. Flower: bisexual (unisexual), radial, with stamens erect, enclosing style, or bilateral, with stamens, style to 1 side, stamens not enclosing style; perianth radial, parts free or generally fused into tube above ovary, generally petal-like, in 2 series of 3, outer ± like inner (or not, in Iris, parts in that genus called sepals, petals), upper ± like lower or not; stamens 3, attached at base of outer 3 perianth parts or in tube, generally free; ovary inferior [(superior)], [(1)]3-chambered, placentas axile [(parietal)], style 1, branches 3, entire to 2-branched, thread- or petal-like with stigma abaxial, proximal to tip. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal. Seed: few to many.
± 65 genera, ± 2050 species: worldwide, especially Africa; many cultivated (e.g., Crocus, Dietes, Freesia, Gladiolus, Iris, Sisyrinchium). [Goldblatt & Manning 2008 The Iris Family: Natural History and Classification. Timber Press] Gladiolus italicus Mill., Gladiolus tristis L. are urban weeds. Sparaxis grandiflora (D. Delaroche) Ker Gawl., Sparaxis tricolor (Schneev.) Ker Gawl. are waifs. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Iridaceae
Perennial herb; corm conic, cover fibrous. Stem: branched or not. Inflorescence: spike, ± horizontal, flowers on upper side of axis, flower bracts green or partly membranous. Flower: bilateral, often fragrant; perianth tube funnel-shaped, narrow below, expanded above, upper perianth lobe > others; stamens free, generally included in tube; style branches divided ± to middle. Seed: many.
± 16 species: southern and eastern Africa. (Friedrich H.T. Freese, German physician, botanist, 1795–1876) [Goldblatt & Manning 1995 Syst Bot 20:161–178]
Unabridged references: [Goldblatt 1982 J S African Bot 48:39–91]
Several species, hybrids cultivated as ornamental.
Stem: generally branched, < 20 cm. Leaf: 5–15 cm, 5–10 mm wide, midvein prominent. Flower: perianth < 5 cm, < 3 cm wide at top, white, often purple on outside, strong-scented, upper lobe erect, lower 3 spreading, lower 1 often with yellow area.
Uncommon. Disturbed urban, coastal areas; < 50 m. Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast; native to southern Africa. [Freesia alba (G.L. Mey.) Gumbl.] Mar–Apr [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Freesia
Next taxon: Iris
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 24 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Freesia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=98370, accessed on Nov 24 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Freesia leichtlinii subsp. alba|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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