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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to tree; generally with stellate hairs, often with bristles or peltate scales; juice generally mucilage-like; bark fibrous.
Leaf: generally cauline, alternate, petioled, simple [palmate- compound], generally palmate-lobed and/or veined, generally toothed, evergreen or not; stipules persistent or not.
Inflorescence: head, spike, raceme, or panicle, in panicle or not (a compound panicle), or flowers >= 1 in leaf axils, or flowers generally 1 opposite a leaf or on a spur; bracts leaf-like or not; bractlets 0 or on flowering stalks, often closely subtending calyx, generally in involucel.
Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 5, generally fused at base, abutting in bud, larger in fruit or not, nectaries as tufts of glandular hairs at base; petals (0)5, free from each other but generally fused at base to, falling with filament tube, clawed or not; stamens 5–many, filaments fused for most of length into tube around style, staminodes 5, alternate stamens, or generally 0; pistil 1, ovary superior, stalked or generally not, chambers generally >= 5, styles or style branches, stigmas generally 1 or 1–2 × chamber number.
Fruit: loculicidal capsule, [ berry], or 5–many, disk- or wedge-shaped segments (= mericarps).
266 genera, 4025 species: worldwide, especially warm regions; some cultivated (e.g., Abelmoschus okra; Alcea hollyhock; Gossypium cotton; Hibiscus hibiscus). [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553] Recently treated to include Bombacaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae. Mature fruit needed for identification; "outer edges" are surfaces between sides and back (abaxial surface) of segment. "Fl stalk" used instead of "pedicel", "peduncle", especially where both needed (i.e., when flowers both 1 in leaf axils and otherwise). —Scientific Editors: Steven R. Hill, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Alverson et al. 1999 Amer J Bot 86:1474–1486; Bayer et al. 1999 Bot J Linn Soc 129:267–303; Hill 2009 Madroño 56:104–111]
Key to Malvaceae
[Subshrub], shrub, densely stellate-tomentose or - scabrous.Key to Horsfordia
Leaf: petiole stout; blade lanceolate to ± round or cordate, ± entire or irregularly fine-toothed; stipules 2–5 mm.
Inflorescence: axillary racemes clustered terminally or flowers 1 in leaf axils [ panicle]; bractlets 0.
Flower: petals white, yellow, blue-lavender, rose, or pink; anthers at tip of filament tube; styles 6–11, > anthers, stigmas head-like.
Fruit: ± glabrous; segments 6–12, below indehiscent, firm, net-veined, above dehiscent, with 2 spreading, scarious wings.
Seed: 1–3 per segment, puberulent or minutely ridged.
4 species: sw US, nw Mex. (F.H. Horsford, VT botanist, collector, 1855–1923)
Unabridged references: [Fryxell 1985 Syst Bot 10:268–272; Fryxell 1988 Syst Bot Monogr 25:234–240]
Previous taxon: Hibiscus trionum
Next taxon: Horsfordia alata
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.|
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records