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Dale W. McNeal

Annual, perennial herb, shrub [tree], fleshy or not, rhizomed. Stem: branched or not. Leaf: basal or ± so or in terminal clusters, alternate, linear to widely lanceolate [ovate], small (1.5–27 cm, 0.5–3 mm wide) [to large (1.9–4 m, 3–6 cm wide)], leathery or not, fleshy or not, entire or with minute sharp teeth or coarse prickles. Inflorescence: panicle [spike, raceme], bracts scattered. Flower: perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, radial or ± bilateral, free or ± fused; stamens 6, equal or not, anthers attached at base or middle; ovary superior, chambers 3. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal. Seed: 6–many, flat, angled, or winged, gray, brown, ± black, black-brown.
± 17 genera, 800 species: Africa, Mediterranean to central Asia. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Asphodelaceae

Perennial herb, rhizome short, stout, erect; roots long, cord-like. Stem: scapose, erect, glaucous. Leaf: basal, linear, grass-like, 30–100 cm, 1–2 cm wide ± folded, entire or with minute sharp teeth, glaucous. Inflorescence: spike-like raceme, cylindric, flowers reflexed. Flower: perianth parts petal-like, tube 25–45 mm, lobes 2–5 mm, rounded to acute; stamens (4 or)6, included to ± exserted, outer 3 shorter, anthers attached at middle; style 1, exserted, stigma small. Seed: many.
60 species: tropical and southern Africa. (J.H. Kniphof, German botanist, professor, 1704–1763)
Unabridged etymology: (Johann Hieronymus Kniphof, 1704–1763, German botanist, professor of medicine, and author of a work of botanical illustrations)

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Mar 31 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Kniphofia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Mar 31 2015

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