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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
[Annual, perennial herbs to] shrub, [ tree], nodes generally swollen.
Leaf: simple, generally opposite, entire (toothed [lobed]); stipules 0.
Inflorescence: variable, with bracts, generally also bractlets.
Flower: bisexual; calyx deeply (3)4–5 lobed [(sepals free)]; corolla 4–5 lobed, radial to 2-lipped; stamens 2 or 4, epipetalous, anther sacs sometimes dissimilar in size or placement; ovary superior, 4–many-ovuled, chambers 1–2, placentas axile ( free central), stigmas 1–2.
Fruit: capsule, loculicidal, generally dehiscing explosively, valves 2.
Seed: 1–4[+], each generally subtended by hook-like outgrowth that remains in fruit.
220 genera, 4000 species: especially tropics; some ornamental: Justicia (Beloperone, shrimp-plant), Acanthus, Thunbergia. [Daniel 1998 Proc Calif Acad Sci 50:217–256; Hilu et al. 2003 Amer J Bot 90:1758–1766; Schwarzbach & McDade 2002 Syst Bot 27:84–98] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Daniel 1984 Desert Plant 5:162–179; Daniel 1998 Proc Calif Acad Sci 50:217–256]
Key to Acanthaceae
Shrub [to tree]; roots spreading, exposed at low tide.
Leaf: persistent, petioled; blade thick.
Inflorescence: axillary, terminal, head-like, < peduncle; bractlets 3, generally < calyx, outer 1 > inner 2.
Flower: calyx deeply 5-lobed; corolla 4-lobed, radial, rotate; stamens 4, attached at 1 level.
Fruit: ellipsoid to ovoid, often asymmetric, 1-chambered, generally indehiscent; stalk not flat.
± 8 species: temperate, subtrop worldwide, generally coastal marshes, lagoons. (Avicenna, Persian physician, philosopher, 980–1037) [Duke et al. 1998 Evolution 52:1612–1626] Placement in Acanthaceae s.l. fairly well established; sister group relationship with Thunbergioideae weakly supported (Schwarzbach & McDade 2002; Hilu et al. 2003).
Unabridged references: [Moran 1980 Madroño 27:143]
Stem: < 2.5 m; trunk < 10 cm diam.
Leaf: 4–11 cm, elliptic to ovate, leathery; adaxially ± shiny, abaxially felt-like.
Inflorescence: 4–9-flowered; peduncles 2–4 cm; bractlets ± ovate.
Flower: corolla ± yellow-white, lobes ± ovate, leathery, puberulent abaxially.
Fruit: ± 2 cm diam, ovoid.
Coastal salt marshes; ± 0 m. South Coast (Mission Bay, San Diego Co.);
Previous taxon: Avicennia
Next taxon: Carlowrightia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.|
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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