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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures.
Stem: generally round in ×-section.
Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to ± fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0.
Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1–2 in axils.
Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0–5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1–2, placentas 2–4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2.
Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2–4.
Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
99 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially n temperate and Africa. [Bennett & Matthews 2006 Amer J Bot 93:1039–1051] High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche species in Africa, Medit, Middle East, and e Europe. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Orobanchaceae
1 sp.: n Baja CA, adjacent CA. (Latin: 2-forked calyx) [Tank et al. 2009 Syst Bot 34:182–197] Formerly included in Cordylanthus. Close to Chloropyron, together forming the Pseudocordylanthus clade (see Tank et al. 2009), distinguished by inflorescence, calyx, stamens, and ecology.
Unabridged references: [Gray 1883 Proc Amer Acad Arts 19:1–94; Tank & Olmstead 2008 Amer J Bot 95: 608–625]
Annual, green, often red-tinged, 10–50 cm, generally much-branched, ± stiff-hairy; roots ± yellow.
Leaf: alternate, sessile, (2)3–6(8) cm, pinnately 8–11 lobed.
Inflorescence: elongated spike, 2–10 cm, dense, subtended by ± leaf-like outer bracts; inner bracts 15–25 mm, 3–7-lobed, lance- oblong.
Flower: calyx sheath-like, ± 1/2 corolla, divided > 1/2, cut abaxially to base; corolla 18–25 mm, club-shaped, white, yellow-tipped, tubular proximally, expanded laterally, upper lip folded lengthwise, tip rounded, closed, opening directed downward forming a hood enclosing anthers and style, lower lip < upper, densely white-bearded, obscurely 3-lobed, middle lobe erect, not rolled under; fertile stamens 2, anther sacs 2 per stamen, widely separated, sterile stamens reduced to rudimentary filaments or bearing sterile, long-hairy, appendages; ovary 2-chambered, glabrous, style elongate, bent near tip, stigma barely exserted.
Seed: attached at side, 30–40, 1–1.5 mm, seed coat netted, tight-fitting, wavy-crested, dark brown.
2n=32. Coastal scrub; < 350 m. s South Coast (sw San Diego Co.);
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Next taxon: Kopsiopsis
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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