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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Shrub, tree, evergreen [deciduous]; dioecious or ± so. Leaf: generally alternate, simple, often spiny, toothed, or lobed. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally axillary. Flower: generally unisexual, radial; sepals generally 4, generally fused at base; petals 4, fused at base [free], white [green]; stamens generally 4, generally alternate petals; ovary superior, chambers often 4, generally 1-ovuled, style 0 or terminal, short, stigma head-like or lobed. Fruit: drupe, generally red [purple to black or yellow to ± white]; stones generally 4.
4 genera, 300–400 species: tropics, temperate. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Hrusa et al. 2002 Madroño 49:61–98]
Leaf: petioled; adaxially generally shiny. Flower: sepals persistent in fruit; petals oblong or obovate. Fruit: pulpy.
300–400 species: especially tropics. (Latin: name for Medit holly-oak, Quercus ilex L.) [Zika 2010 Madroño 57:1–10] Ilex cornuta Lindl. & Paxton occasionally persisting from cultivation.
Previous taxon: Aquifoliaceae
Next taxon: Ilex aquifolium
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 29 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Ilex, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=9197, accessed on Mar 29 2015
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