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Key to families | Table of families and genera

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Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted

Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1–2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1–4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
± 120 genera, ± 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. [Olmstead et al. 2000 Molec Phylogen Evol 16:96–112] Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized. —Scientific Editors: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.

Key to Boraginaceae


Gary L. Hannan

Perennial herb to shrub. Stem: prostrate to ascending or erect; bark shredding. Leaf: cauline, alternate. Inflorescence: generally open, terminal. Flower: corolla funnel- to urn-shaped, white, lavender, or purple, generally hairy abaxially; stamens included, filaments generally hairy; ovary chambers 2, styles 2, generally hairy. Fruit: 1–3 mm wide; valves 4. Seed: striate, dark brown or black.
11 species: southwestern United States, Mexico. (Greek: wool net, from abaxial leaves) [Ferguson 1998 Syst Bot 23:253–268]
Unabridged etymology: (Greek: erio, wool, plus dictyon, net, from abaxial leaves)
Unabridged references: [Hannan 1988 Amer J Bot 75:579–588]

Key to Eriodictyon

E. parryi (A. Gray) Greene POODLE-DOG BUSH
Subshrub, dense-glandular, sticky, strong-scented. Stem: erect, 1–3 m, stout, branched from, generally woody at base. Leaf: dense, sessile; blade 4–30 cm, lanceolate, entire or toothed, margins of upper occasionally rolled under. Inflorescence: terminal, branched; flowers dense-clustered, short-pedicelled. Flower: calyx lobes 3–6 mm, glandular, coarse-long-hairy; corolla 10–20 mm, shallow-lobed, funnel-shaped, blue, lavender, or purple, glandular, hairy abaxially; stamens included, unequal; ovary chambers appearing 2, style 4–7 mm. Fruit: valves 4, 3–4 mm, ovoid, glandular-hairy. Seed: many, oblong-ovoid, angled, shiny black, fine-ridged, minute-net-sculptured.
n=13. Generally disturbed areas, chaparral, dry granitic soils of slopes, ridges; often following fires; 120–2440 m. s Sierra Nevada, Tehachapi Mountain Area, s Outer South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges, Desert Mountains (Panamint Range, Little San Bernardino Mtns), w edge Sonoran Desert (rare); Baja California. [Turricula parryi (A. Gray) J.F. Macbr.] Move from Turricula based on molecular data; causes severe contact dermatitis in some people. May–Aug [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Eriodictyon lobbii
Next taxon: Eriodictyon tomentosum


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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Eriodictyon, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015

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click for enlargement Eriodictyon parryi
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1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Eriodictyon parryi Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.