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|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
[Perennial, shrub] vine, from rhizomes, stolons, or caudices, dioecious.
Stem: erect or climbing, generally prickly, scaly below, leafy above.
Leaf: simple, opposite or alternate, veins net-like between generally 3 stronger veins; petioles generally with 2+ tendrils near base.
Inflorescence: generally umbel [ raceme, spike].
Flower: perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, free [rarely united], stamens 6, free (as staminodes in pistillate flowers); ovary superior, chambers 2 or 3, style ± 0, stigmas 3, ( pistils 0 or reduced, sterile in staminate flowers).
Fruit: berry, black, purple, blue, red [orange] (white).
Seed: 1–2/ chamber.
4(12) genera, 375 species: temperate, tropics. [Holmes 2002 FNANM 26:468–478] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Perennial; caudex generally large, tuber-like.Key to Smilax
Stem: climbing or trailing, woody below or not, often prickly ± throughout.
Leaf: alternate, deciduous or persistent; base rounded to sagittate; petiole tendrils generally 2.
Inflorescence: umbels or clusters, axillary.
Flower: perianth parts white to ± green or ± yellow; ovary chambers generally 3, stigmas spreading.
Fruit: black, purple, blue, or red (white).
Seed: 1–6, black.
± 350 species: especially tropics, also temperate North America, e Asia. (Greek: origin uncertain) [Cameron & Fu 2006 Aliso 22:598–605]
Unabridged references: [Cameron, K. M. & C. Fu. 2006. A nuclear rDNA phylogeny of Smilax (Smilacaceae). Aliso 22:598–605]
Previous taxon: Smilacaceae
Next taxon: Smilax californica
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.|
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records