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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to shrub; hairs simple, stellate or glandular; plants generally scaly, mealy, or powdery from collapsed glands; generally monoecious.
Stem: occasionally fleshy.
Leaf: blade simple, generally alternate, occasionally fleshy or reduced to scales, veins pinnate; stipules 0.
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, spheric heads, or flowers 1; bracts 0–5, herbaceous, generally persistent or strongly modified in fruit, wings, tubercles or spines present or 0.
Flower: bisexual or unisexual, small, green; calyx parts (1)3–5, or 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused basally, leaf-like in texture, membranous or fleshy, deciduous or not, generally strongly modified in fruit; corolla 0; stamens 1–5, opposite to calyx parts, filaments free, equal; anthers 4-chambered; ovary superior (1/2-inferior), chamber 1; ovule 1; styles, stigmas 1–4.
Fruit: achene or utricle, generally with persistent calyx or bracts.
Seed: 1, small, lenticular to spheric; seed coat smooth to finely dotted, warty, net-like, or prickly, margin occasionally winged.
100 genera, 1500 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, beet, Swiss chard; Spinacia oleracea L., spinach; Chenopodium quinoa Willd., quinoa); and some worldwide, naturalized ruderal or noxious agricultural weeds. Nitrophila treated in Amaranthaceae, Sarcobatus treated in Sarcobataceae. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Chenopodiaceae
Annual to subshrub, generally erect, glabrous to tomentose.Key to Kochia
Leaf: alternate or lower ± opposite, ± thread-like to lanceolate, flat to cylindric, fleshy or not.
Inflorescence: spikes, simple or branched; bracts leaf-like; flowers 1–7 per axil.
Flower: bisexual or pistillate, sessile; calyx lobes 5, incurved, keeled; tubercled, winged or not in fruit; stamens 5; stigmas 2–3.
Fruit: ± compressed-spheric.
± 15 species: w North America, Eurasia. (Wilhelm D. Koch, German physician, botanist, 1771–1849) [Chu & Sanderson 2008 Madroño 55:251–256] Native species recently treated in Neokochia, Kochia scoparia in Bassia.
Annual 20–120 cm.
Stem: simple to much-branched, glabrous to spreading-hairy.
Leaf: 8–50 mm, 1–6 mm wide, flat, glabrous to appressed-hairy, generally 3–5-veined below middle.
Inflorescence: branched spike, short- to densely long-hairy, hairs < to > flowers; flowers 1–7 per axil; hairs generally hiding flowers in immature inflorescence.
Flower: calyx glabrous to thinly appressed-hairy, lobe margins generally bristly ( glabrous); bisexual flowers with tubercles or wings < 2 mm in fruit.
Disturbed places, fields, roadsides; < 2300 m. Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Great Central Valley, n San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast, San Bernardino Mountains, Great Basin Floristic Province, Desert;
Previous taxon: Kochia californica
Next taxon: Krascheninnikovia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.|
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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