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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Shrub, tree; monoecious.
Stem: trunk < 35 m; bark smooth to scaly, peeling in thin layers or not, lenticels present or not.
Leaf: simple, alternate, petioled, deciduous; stipules deciduous; blade ovate to elliptic, generally serrate, generally ± doubly so.
Inflorescence: catkin, generally appearing before leaves, often clustered; bracts each subtending 2–3 flowers, 3–6 bractlets.
Staminate inflorescence: pendent, ± elongate.
Pistillate inflorescence: pendent or erect, developing variously in fruit (see key to genera).
Staminate flower: sepals 0–4, minute; petals 0; stamens 1–10; pistil vestigial or 0.
Pistillate flower: sepals 0–4; petals 0; stamens 0; pistil 1, ovary inferior or superior, chambers 2, each 1-ovuled by abortion, stigmas 2.
Fruit: achene, nut, winged or not, subtended or enclosed by 1–2 bracts.
6 genera, 155 species: generally n hemisphere; some cultivated. [Furlow 1997 FNANM 3:507–538] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Betulaceae
Shrub, small tree.
Stem: trunk < 6 m; bark smooth or scaly, dark brown; twigs glandular-hairy, becoming glabrous, brown; lenticels small; winter buds ciliate.
Leaf: hairy; blade 4–10 cm, oblong to ovate, base oblique- cordate.
Staminate inflorescence: 4–7 cm; bracts each subtending 3 flowers, 3 bractlets.
Pistillate inflorescence: < 1 cm, appearing as terminal bud; bracts each subtending 2 flowers, 6 bractlets.
Staminate flower: sepals 0; stamens 4.
Pistillate flower: sepals 4; stigmas showy, red.
Fruit: 1–2 per catkin, each enclosed in a papery involucre of 2 fused bracts, not winged.
15 species: n hemisphere. (Latin: hazelnut, filbert) [Furlow 1997 Syst Bot 26:283–298] Flexible stems used in basket-making; some cultivated as food crop.
Previous taxon: Betula occidentalis
Next taxon: Corylus cornuta subsp. californica
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
Copyright © 2012 Regents of the University of California
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.|
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records