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FOUQUIERIACEAE OCOTILLO FAMILY

Lisa M. Schultheis & William J. Stone

Shrub, tree, spiny. Stem: branched near base [or trunk 1, thick, fleshy]. Leaf: simple, alternate, small, ± fleshy, glabrous, generally produced after rains, of 2 kinds: 1° on long-shoots, subtended by decurrent ridge on stem, blade generally early-deciduous, petiole persisting as spine; 2° clustered on short-shoot in axils of 1°, ± persistent, not spine-forming. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, or panicle, axillary or terminal; flowers many. Flower: sepals 5, unequal, overlapping, ± scarious, persistent; corolla bright red [yellow], tube cylindric, lobes 5, overlapping, spreading; stamens 10–20+, in 1 or ± 2 whorls, filaments free; pistil 1, ovary superior, 3(4)-chambered at base, placenta axile at base, parietal above, ovules ± 3–6 per chamber, style 3(4)-lobed. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal. Seed: elliptic, angled or winged.
1 genus (including Idria), 11 species: southwestern United States, Mexico. [Schultheis & Baldwin 1999 Amer J Bot 86:578–589] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

FOUQUIERIA
(P.E. Fouquier, Parisian medical professor, 1776–1850)

Previous taxon: Fouquieriaceae
Next taxon: Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 31 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Fouquieria, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=9111, accessed on Jul 31 2014

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