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THYMELAEACEAE DAPHNE FAMILY

Lorin I. Nevling, Jr. & Kerry Barringer

Shrub [herb, tree, vine], often ill-smelling, poisonous. Stem: erect, flexible, branched, generally with raised, woody leaf scars; bark fibrous, tear-resistant, often green and/or ± white, at least in patches, especially when young. Leaf: simple, alternate [opposite, ± whorled], pinnately veined, entire, petioled; stipules ± 0. Inflorescence: axillary cluster [umbel, spike, raceme, or flowers 1]. Flower: bisexual [not], [3]4[6]-parted; hypanthium tubular or funnel- to bell-shaped, corolla-like; calyx lobes overlapped or not, or ± 0; petals small, alternate sepals; stamens [2,4]8[many]; disk generally present; ovary superior [1/2-inferior], 1-loculed, 1-ovuled, style 1, stigma dot-like. Fruit: berry [capsule]. Seed: 1.
± 50 genera, 750 species: worldwide, especially Australia, tropical Africa; some cultivated (Daphne, Edgeworthia), weedy (Thymelaea). [Van der Bank et al. 2002 Taxon 51:329–339] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Van der Bank, M., Fay, M. F., & Chase, M. W. 2002. Molecular phylogenetics of Thymelaeaceae with particular reference to African and Australian genera. Taxon 51: 329–339]

DIRCA LEATHERWOOD
Leaf: deciduous; broad-ovate to obovate; petioles covering buds. Inflorescence: nodding. Flower: open with or before leaves; calyx lobes short; petals minute, ± scale-like, included, forming a ring; filaments ± = style, exserted. Fruit: fleshy.
4 species: temperate North America, Mexico. (Greek: name from mythology) [Nesom & Mayfield 1995 Sida 56:21–42]
Unabridged references: [Johnson 1994 Four Seasons 9(4):38–41; McMinn & Forderhase 1935 Madroño 3:117–120; Vogelman 1953 Asa Gray Bull II 2:77–82]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 23 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Dirca, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=9100, accessed on Nov 23 2014

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