|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Shrub [herb, tree, vine], often ill-smelling, poisonous. Stem: erect, flexible, branched, generally with raised, woody leaf scars; bark fibrous, tear-resistant, often green and/or ± white, at least in patches, especially when young. Leaf: simple, alternate [opposite, ± whorled], pinnately veined, entire, petioled; stipules ± 0. Inflorescence: axillary cluster [umbel, spike, raceme, or flowers 1]. Flower: bisexual [not], 4-parted; hypanthium tubular or funnel- to bell-shaped, corolla-like; calyx lobes overlapped or not, or ± 0; petals small, alternate sepals; stamens [2,4]8[many]; disk generally present; ovary superior [1/2-inferior], 1-loculed, 1-ovuled, style 1, stigma dot-like. Fruit: berry [capsule]. Seed: 1.
± 50 genera, 750 species: worldwide, especially Australia, tropical Africa; some cultivated (Daphne, Edgeworthia), weedy (Thymelaea). [Van der Bank et al. 2002 Taxon 51:329–339] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Van der Bank, M., Fay, M. F., & Chase, M. W. 2002. Molecular phylogenetics of Thymelaeaceae with particular reference to African and Australian genera. Taxon 51: 329–339]
Leaf: deciduous; broad-ovate to obovate; petioles covering buds. Inflorescence: nodding. Flower: open with or before leaves; calyx lobes short; petals minute, ± scale-like, included, forming a ring; filaments ± = style, exserted. Fruit: fleshy.
4 species: temperate North America, Mexico. (Greek: name from mythology) [Nesom & Mayfield 1995 Sida 56:21–42]
Unabridged references: [Johnson 1994 Four Seasons 9(4):38–41; McMinn & Forderhase 1935 Madroño 3:117–120; Vogelman 1953 Asa Gray Bull II 2:77–82]
Previous taxon: Thymelaeaceae
Next taxon: Dirca occidentalis
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 20 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Dirca, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=9100, accessed on Dec 20 2014
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records