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Jim A. Bartel, except as noted

Shrub, tree, generally evergreen; monoecious or dioecious. Leaf: simple, cauline, alternate or opposite (either ± 4-ranked) or whorled in 3s (6-ranked), linear or scale-, awl- or needle-like (sometimes linear and awl-like on 1 plant, or on juvenile or injured plants), generally decurrent, covering young stems. Pollen cone: axillary or terminal. Seed cone: ± fleshy to generally woody, generally hard at maturity; scales opposite or whorled, peltate or not. Seed: 1–many per scale, angled or lateral winged, generally wind-dispersed.
30 genera, 130+ species: ± worldwide, especially North America, Eurasia. [Farjon 2005 Monogr Cupressaceae Sciadopitys. RBG, Kew] Incl (paraphyletic) Taxodiaceae. Taxa of (polyphyletic) Cupressus in TJM (1993) now in Callitropsis, Chamaecyparis, Hesperocyparis. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Cupressaceae

Large shrub, 1- or multi-trunked tree, often pyramidal in youth; monoecious. Stem: young shoots or branches generally cylindric (sometimes ± 4-angled or flat), generally in 3-dimensional clusters. Leaf: opposite, 4-ranked, of 1 kind, scale-like, closely appressed, overlapping. Pollen cone: terminal, 2–6.5 mm, 1.3–3 mm diam, generally yellow. Seed cone: 10–50 mm, woody, ± spheric to widely cylindric, maturing 2nd year, generally closed and attached beyond maturity (> 2 years); scales (4)6–12, peltate, abutting, shield- or wedge-shaped, projection generally > 1 mm especially 1st year, pointed, base level with or rising from edge. Seed: 60–150 per cone, flat, wings generally 2, vestigial; cotyledons generally 3–5.
16 species: western and central North America, Central America. (Greek: western cypress) [Adams & Bartel 2009 Phytologia 91:287–299; Adams et al. 2009 Phytologia 91:160–185; Little 2006 Syst Bot 31:461–480]
Unabridged references: [Bartel et al. 2003 Biochem Syst Ecol 31:693–702]

Key to Hesperocyparis

H. sargentii (Jeps.) Bartel SARGENT CYPRESS
Tree 6–20 m. Stem: bark fibrous, thick, gray or dark brown; ultimate branches 0.9–1.2 mm diam, cylindric to 4-sided. Leaf: dull, glaucous or not, dusty- to gray-green. Seed cone: 15–25(30) mm, spheric, rough-surfaced, dull brown to gray, scales 6–10. Seed: 3–5.3 mm, ± glaucous, dark brown; attachment scar generally conspicuous.
Closed-cone-pine/cypress, yellow-pine forests, chaparral, on serpentine; 60–1370 m. North Coast Ranges, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast Ranges; reported from southwestern Oregon. [Callitropsis sargentii (Jeps.) D.P. Little; Cupressus sargentii Jeps.; Cupressus sargentii Jeps. var. duttonii Jeps] [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Hesperocyparis pygmaea
Next taxon: Hesperocyparis stephensonii


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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 27 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Hesperocyparis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 27 2015

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Hesperocyparis sargentii Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.