|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to perennial herb (to tree). Leaf: cauline or basal, alternate, opposite, or whorled, generally simple and toothed (to pinnately compound); stipules 0 or generally deciduous. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1 in axils; bracted. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, often opening at either dawn or dusk; hypanthium generally prolonged beyond ovary (measured from ovary tip to sepal base); sepals 4(2–7); petals 4(2–7, rarely 0), often fading darker; stamens 2 × or = sepals in number, anthers 2-chambered, opening lengthwise, pollen interconnected by threads; ovary inferior, chambers generally as many as sepals (sometimes becoming 1), placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1–many per chamber, style 1, stigma 4-lobed (or lobes as many as sepals), club-shaped, spheric, or hemispheric. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal (sometimes berry or indehiscent and nut-like). Seed: sometimes winged or hair-tufted.
22 genera, ± 657 species: worldwide, especially western North America; many cultivated (Clarkia, Epilobium, Fuchsia, Oenothera). [Wagner et al. 2007 Syst Bot Monogr 83:1–240] Gaura moved to Oenothera. Fuchsia magellanica Lam. naturalized in northern California. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Munz 1965 North America Fl II 5:1–278]
Key to Onagraceae
Annual, occasionally perennial herb, from taproot. Leaf: basal and cauline, alternate, lanceolate to ovate, pinnately lobed with large terminal lobe (simple), margin dentate to entire, abaxial face and/or margin with ± conspicuous brown oil cells, long-petioled. Inflorescence: erect or nodding raceme. Flower: generally opening at dawn (occasionally at dusk); sepals 4, reflexed; petals 4, yellow or white (often fading orange-red) or lavender, generally fading red, if yellow generally strongly ultraviolet reflective, often with 1+ red spots near base, occasionally non-reflective near base or throughout; stamens (4)8, longer opposite sepals, anthers attached at middle, filaments long-ciliate or glabrous, pollen grains 3-angled at 20×; stigma entire and spheric or rarely conic-peltate, generally > anthers and cross-pollinated or ± = anthers and self-pollinated. Fruit: straight to curved, not twisted or coiled, valves with obvious midrib, pedicelled. Seed: in 2 rows per chamber, lenticular to narrowly ovoid, with ± pronounced membranous margin when immature.Key to Chylismia
16 species: western North America. (Greek: juice) [Wagner et al. 2007 Syst Bot Monogr 83:1–240] Incl in Camissonia in TJM (1993).
Unabridged references: [Raven 1969 Contr US Natl Herb 37:161–396]
Annual. Stem: 3–70 cm. Leaf: generally basal, generally 1-pinnate; terminal leaflet 8–90 mm, lanceolate to cordate; lateral leaflets < 25 mm or 0. Inflorescence: nodding. Flower: generally opening near dusk; hypanthium 1–6.5 mm; sepals 2–8 mm, free tips in bud present or not; petals 1.5–8 mm, yellow or white; stamens ± equal. Fruit: ascending or spreading, 8–38 mm, wider to tip, straight or curved; pedicel 4–40 mm. Seed: 0.6–1.5 mm.
2n=14. [Camissonia claviformis (Torr. & Frém.) P.H. Raven] Cross-pollinated; most complex, widespread sp. in genus; 11 subspecies, 8 in California. [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Oenothera claviformis Torr. & Frém.]
Plant strigose proximally, generally glandular-hairy or ± glabrous distally. Leaf: terminal leaflet < 70 mm, ± ovate, base generally ± cordate; lateral leaflets 0–few, small. Flower: hypanthium 3–6 mm; sepal tips not free in bud, or inconspicuously so; petals 4.5–8 mm, white fading purple, bases purple-dotted or not.
Dry flats, desert scrub; 1200–2000 m. East of Sierra Nevada; central Oregon, Nevada. [Camissonia claviformis subsp. integrior (P.H. Raven) P.H. Raven] Intergrades with Camissonia claviformis subsp. aurantiaca, Camissonia claviformis subsp. cruciformis; hybridizes with Camissonia brevipes. Apr–Jul [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Oenothera claviformis subsp. integrior P.H. Raven]
Previous taxon: Chylismia claviformis subsp. funerea
Next taxon: Chylismia claviformis subsp. lancifolia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 9 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Chylismia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=89250, accessed on Oct 9 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Chylismia claviformis subsp. integrior|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month