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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to perennial herb (to tree). Leaf: cauline or basal, alternate, opposite, or whorled, generally simple and toothed (to pinnately compound); stipules 0 or generally deciduous. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1 in axils; bracted. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, often opening at either dawn or dusk; hypanthium generally prolonged beyond ovary (measured from ovary tip to sepal base); sepals 4(2–7); petals 4(2–7, rarely 0), often fading darker; stamens 2 × or = sepals in number, anthers 2-chambered, opening lengthwise, pollen interconnected by threads; ovary inferior, chambers generally as many as sepals (sometimes becoming 1), placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1–many per chamber, style 1, stigma 4-lobed (or lobes as many as sepals), club-shaped, spheric, or hemispheric. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal (sometimes berry or indehiscent and nut-like). Seed: sometimes winged or hair-tufted.
22 genera, ± 657 species: worldwide, especially western North America; many cultivated (Clarkia, Epilobium, Fuchsia, Oenothera). [Wagner et al. 2007 Syst Bot Monogr 83:1–240] Gaura moved to Oenothera. Fuchsia magellanica Lam. naturalized in northern California. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Munz 1965 North America Fl II 5:1–278]
Key to Onagraceae
Annual to subshrub, from taproot. Leaf: basal and cauline, alternate, simple, generally narrowly lanceolate or narrowly elliptic to ovate. Inflorescence: spike, nodding in bud, generally flower from basal-most to distal nodes. Flower: opening at dawn; sepals 4, reflexed singly or in fused pairs; petals 4, yellow, fading red, generally with 1+ red basal spots, with no ultraviolet pattern; stamens 8, longer opposite sepals, anthers attached at middle, pollen grains 3-angled except in polyploid taxa at 20×; ovary chambers 4, stigma ± spheric or hemispheric, exceeding anthers and cross-pollinated or ± = anthers and self-pollinated. Fruit: 4-angled at least when dry, generally proximally thick, contorted or curled 1–5 times, or straight, not swollen by seeds, sessile. Seed: in 1 row per chamber, narrowly obovoid, flattened, dull brown-black.Key to Camissoniopsis
14 species: California, Arizona, Oregon, Baja California. (Greek: like Camissonia) [Wagner et al. 2007 Syst Bot Monogr 83:1–240] Polyploidy and self-pollination have predominated in evolution of genus. Incl in Camissonia in TJM (1993).
Unabridged references: [Raven 1969 Contr US Natl Herb 37:161–396]
Annual or short-lived perennial herb, rosetted; strigose or hairs spreading, in inflorescence short, erect. Stem: decumbent to ± ascending, 50–80 cm, peeling. Leaf: 12–120 mm, petioled or distal generally ± sessile; cauline generally lanceolate (linear), minutely dentate to ± entire. Flower: hypanthium 2–5(7.5) mm; sepals (2.3)5–8(11) mm; petals (4.2)7–15 mm, basal spots generally 1–2; stigma exceeding anthers. Fruit: 12–40 mm, 1.5–2.5 mm wide, ± 4-angled, generally straight or slightly wavy and twisted. Seed: 0.9–1 mm.
2n=14. Sandy fields near coast or clay soils in grassland to openings in coastal-sage scrub or chaparral; < 600 m. Southwestern California; northern Baja California. [Camissonia bistorta (Torr. & A. Gray) P.H. Raven] Cross-pollinated. Intergrades with Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia subsp. suffruticosa. Mar–Jun [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Oenothera bistorta Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray; Oenothera bistorta var. veitchiana Hook.; Oenothera heterophylla Spach; Camissonia bistorta (Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray) P.H. Raven]
Unabridged note: Expanded author citation: Camissoniopsis bistorta (Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray) W.L. Wagner & Hoch
Previous taxon: Camissoniopsis
Next taxon: Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 27 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Camissoniopsis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=89196, accessed on Apr 27 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Camissoniopsis bistorta|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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