|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to perennial herb [tree]. Leaf: generally cauline, generally simple, generally alternate, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, raceme, spike, or flowers 1; terminal or in axils of leaf-like or reduced bracts. Flower: bisexual, cleistogamous or open, radial or bilateral, inverted (pedicel twisted 180°) or not; hypanthium generally present, ± fused to ovary; sepals generally 5; corolla radial to 2-lipped, petals generally fused, tube deeply divided on 1 side or not, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, free or ± fused (anthers, filaments fused into tube or filaments fused above middle); ovary inferior or 1/2 inferior (superior in fruit), chambers 1–3, placentas axile or parietal, ovules many, style generally 1, 2–5-branched. Fruit: generally capsule, open on sides or top by pores or short valves. Seed: many.
± 90 genera, ± 2500 species: worldwide. [Haberle et al. 2008 J Molec Evol 66:350–361] Some cultivated for ornamental (Campanula, Jasione, Lobelia). Subfamilies sometimes treated as families. Positions of flower parts given after flowering inversion, if any. Parishella moved to Nemacladus. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Lammers 2007 World Checklist and Bibliography of Campanulaceae. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.]
Key to Campanulaceae
Annual, from taproot. Stem: prostrate, decumbent, or erect; base generally ± brown or ± purple; branches 0 or below middle. Leaf: basal; petiole short or 0. Inflorescence: ± raceme-like; bract 1 per flower, small; pedicel generally thread-like. Flower: inverted or not; sepals linear to triangular; corolla ± radial or 2-lipped, lobes 5; filaments free at base, fused into tube around style distally, appendages attached to a stalk or directly on 2 adjacent filaments, each with 2–12 cells, anthers free, all alike; ovary superior to 1/2 inferior, hemispheric to obconic, nectary glands 3, mounded or donut-like, on free part of ovary, stigma 2-lobed, papillate. Fruit: generally > hypanthium, hemispheric to fusiform, top pointed or rounded, chambers 2; open at top generally by 2 valves (or circumscissile). Seed: elliptic to oblong.Key to Nemacladus
18 species: southwestern United States, northwestern Mexico. (Greek: thread-like branch) [Morin 2008 J Bot Res Inst Texas 2:397–400] In descriptions, "filaments" including both free and fused parts thereof.
Unabridged references: [McVaugh 1942 N Amer Flora 32A:1–134]
Unabridged note: Taxonomic changes from TJM (1993) based on ITS, atpB, morphology. Parishella californica nested within Nemacladus, in which it is here treated.
Prostrate, rosettes 1 or linked by naked, creeping stem, 1–10 cm diam. Stem: reclined. Leaf: 5–20 mm, oblanceolate, entire, hairy, narrowed to slender petiole. Inflorescence: head-like, axis compressed; bracts 3–9 mm, oblanceolate or spoon-shaped, spreading; pedicels 2–5 mm, 0.1–0.2 mm diam, spreading, straight, tip not curved. Flower: not inverted; hypanthium ± 1 mm; sepals 2–6 mm, oblanceolate, erect; corolla not conspicuously 2-lipped, divided 1/2 to base, white, tube bell-shaped, lobes spreading, elliptic or oblong, acute, 1.5–2 mm; filaments declined, curled up, 1–3 mm, few hairs at tip, appendage attached at base of filament, paddle-shaped, cells tube-like, blunt, 0.1 mm, anthers 0.5–0.6 mm; ovary 1/2–2/3-inferior. Fruit: 4–5 mm, base acute, tip dome-like; circumscissile. Seed: 0.5–0.7 mm, widely elliptic, pitted.
Sandy or gravelly soils; 650–1900 m. se Outer South Coast Ranges, s Inner South Coast Ranges (Caliente Range), ne Western Transverse Ranges (n Ventura Co.), Mojave Desert (San Bernardino Co.). [Parishella californica A. Gray] Apr–May [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Nemacladus calcaratus
Next taxon: Nemacladus capillaris
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 28 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Nemacladus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=89053, accessed on Jul 28 2014
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2011 Steve Matson
|Bioregions in which Nemacladus californicus occurs|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
|View elevation by latitude chart|| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month