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Annual to small tree; sap colorless, yellow, orange, red, or white. Leaf: basal, cauline, or both, simple and entire, toothed, or lobed, or 1–3-pinnate-dissected or compound; cauline generally alternate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: terminal, 1-flowered or cyme, raceme, or panicle; bracts generally present. Flower: bisexual, radial, bilateral, or biradial; sepals 2–3, shed after flower; petals generally 2 × sepals in number; stamens generally many; ovary 1, superior, chamber 1, style 0 or 1, stigmas or lobes 2–many, ovules few to many. Fruit: capsule, dehiscent by valves or pores, ± nut, or breaking transversely into 1-seeded, indehiscent units. Seed: fleshy appendage generally 0.
25–30 genera, 200 species: northern temperate, northern tropics; some cultivated (Papaver, Eschscholzia, Hunnemannia), source of opiates. Stylomecon moved to Papaver. Corydalis, Dicentra, Fumaria in Fumariaceae in FNANM, elsewhere. Glaucium flavum Crantz is a waif. According to FNANM (3:300–301), Hunnemannia fumariifolia Sweet (± like Eschscholzia except sepals free) an occasional waif in California, but documentation evidently lacking. Fleshy appendage of seed sometimes for dispersal by ants. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Papaveraceae
Perennial herb, erect, glabrous, glaucous, taprooted; stem leafy, hollow; sap colorless. Leaf: basal and cauline, 2- to 3-pinnate-dissected, segments lobed. Inflorescence: panicle, 20–50 cm, 5–many-flowered, pedicel ascending to erect. Flower: biradial; sepals 2, shed after flower; petals 4, yellow or cream with purple tips, outer 2 free, lanceolate, alike, both pouched at base, not spurred, inner 2 adherent at tips, oblanceolate, crested on back; stamens 6, ± fused in 2 sets opposite outer petals. Fruit: erect, long-conic, dehiscent from tip. Seed: reniform; seed coat densely papillate.Key to Ehrendorferia
2 species: North America. (Friedrich Ehrendorfer, University of Vienna, b. 1927)
Plant 50–160 cm. Leaf: 2- to 3-pinnate-dissected, 15–30 cm. Inflorescence: many-flowered. Fruit: 15–25 mm.
Dry slopes, burns, disturbed areas; < 2300 m. Northwestern California, Sierra Nevada, Central Western California, Southwestern California; northern Baja California. TOXIC to livestock, especially when abundant after burns. [Dicentra chrysantha (Hook. & Arn.) Walp.] Apr–Sep [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Ehrendorferia
Next taxon: Ehrendorferia ochroleuca
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 13 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Ehrendorferia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=88966, accessed on Oct 13 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Ehrendorferia chrysantha|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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