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PORTULACACEAE PURSLANE FAMILY

Gilberto Ocampo

Annual to perennial herb, generally fleshy. Stem: [1]several to many, spreading [to erect], generally glabrous. Leaf: simple, alternate or opposite, linear, obovate, spoon-shaped, [elliptic, ± round], flat or cylindric, hairs in axils, inconspicuous or not [0], upper 2–5 forming involucre. Inflorescence: flowers 1 or clustered at stem tips. Flower: bisexual, radial; sepals 2, fused at base, lower part fused to ovary and generally persistent in fruit; petals [4]5[7], fused at base, forming ring, yellow [magenta, rose, orange, white]; stamens 4–20[> 20], epipetalous or not, anthers yellow; ovary 1/2-inferior, chamber 1, ovules several to many, placenta free-central; style branches [2]3–6[12]. Fruit: capsule, circumscissile. Seed: many, reniform, ± tubercled, black, gray, [brown, ± blue].
1 genus, ± 100 species: ± worldwide, especially tropics, subtropics some cultivated (Portulaca grandiflora Hook.; Portulaca umbraticola Kunth). [Nyffeler & Eggli 2010 Taxon 59:227–240] All other California genera previously in this family now in Montiaceae. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Applequist et al. 2006 Syst Bot 31:310–319]

PORTULACA
(Probably Latin: small gate or door, from capsule lid) [Matthews 2004 FNANM 4:496–501]
Unabridged references: [Danin et al. 1978 Israel J Bot 27:177–211; Legrand 1962 Anales Mus Hist Nat (Montevideo) 2a ser 7(3):1–147]

Key to Portulaca

Previous taxon: Portulacaceae
Next taxon: Portulaca halimoides

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 20 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Portulaca, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=8896, accessed on Apr 20 2014

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