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SOLANACEAE NIGHTSHADE FAMILY

Michael H. Nee

Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2–5-chambered.
75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC. [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum. Koeltz Scientific Books] Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum: The Genera of Solanaceae Illustrated, Arranged According to a New System by A.T. Hunziker. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein, Germany]

Key to Solanaceae

CESTRUM
Shrub; hairs branched or not. Leaf: entire, glabrous to hairy. Inflorescence: panicle. Flower: corolla narrowly funnel-shaped; stamens included, filaments equal or not. Fruit: berry, ± dry or not.
250 species: tropical America. (Greek: derivation unknown)

Key to Cestrum

C. elegans (Brongn.) Schltdl.
WAIF
< 3 m; hairs soft, ± dense, especially on axes. Stem: often with purple hairs. Leaf: 4–13 cm, ± ovate, acuminate. Inflorescence: < 10 cm, ± head-like, 5–10-flowered. Flower: calyx 8–9 mm; corolla 15–25 mm, bright red, lobes 2–2.5 mm. Fruit: 15 mm, red, white-spongy inside. Seed: ± 10, 2.5–4 mm, dark brown.
Disturbed areas; < 1000 m. n North Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, expected elsewhere; native to Mexico. [Cestrum fasciculatum (Schltdl.) Miers, misappl.] Feb–Aug [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 22 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Cestrum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=88928, accessed on Oct 22 2014

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Cestrum elegans Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.