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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Alan T. Whittemore & Elizabeth McClintock

Tree, shrub, woody vine, generally evergreen. Leaf: simple, alternate, occasionally ± at branch tips, often leathery, generally entire, petioled. Inflorescence: panicle, cluster, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 5, free or ± fused at base; petals 5, free, erect or spreading, base generally ± adherent into tube; stamens 5; ovary superior, chambers generally 2–3, style 1, stigma generally spheric. Fruit: capsule, berry. Seed: several, often in pulp.
9 genera, ± 200 species: warm temperate, tropics, Old World, especially Australia, New Zealand, eastern Asia; some ornamental, especially Pittosporum. [Chandler et al. 2007 Aust Syst Bot 20:390–40] Sollya moved to Billardiera. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Pittosporaceae

Woody vine or climbing shrub; twigs slender, twining. Inflorescence: cyme, terminal or axillary, few-flowered; flowers rarely 1. Flower: petals free, spreading, blue; anthers adherent into cone around style [free]; ovary chambers 2. Fruit: berry; pulp sticky. Seed: sticky.
23 species: western Australia. (Jacques Julien Houtou de Labillardière, French botanist, early student of western Australia flora, 1755–1834)

B. heterophylla (Lindl.) L.W. Cayzer & Crisp AUSTRALIAN BLUEBELL
Leaf: 3–6 cm, lanceolate to oblanceolate or narrow-ovate; petiole 0–0.5 cm. Inflorescence: pendent. Flower: petals 8–10 mm, ovate; style < 5 mm. Fruit: cylindric, 1.3–2 cm, ± black.
Uncommon. Disturbed areas; < 200 m. Central Coast, South Coast; native to western Australia. [Sollya heterophylla Lindl.] Some in cultivation with white petals. California reports of Sollya fusiformis (Labill.) Briq. based on misidentified Billardiera heterophylla. Apr–Nov [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Billardiera
Next taxon: Pittosporum


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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Billardiera, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Billardiera heterophylla Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.