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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub [vine]. Leaf: simple, generally in basal rosette (cauline), entire or lobed. Inflorescence: raceme, cyme, or panicle (head-like in Armeria), generally scapose. Flower: bisexual, radial, generally small; calyx tubular, generally membranous or partly scarious, lobes 5, persistent; petals 5, ± free to ± fused, clawed, ± intertwined; stamens 5, opposite petals, occasionally epipetalous; ovary superior, generally 5-lobed or -ribbed, chamber and ovule 1, styles 5, occasionally fused. Fruit: utricle, achene, or capsule, ± enclosed in calyx.
27 genera, ± 1000 species: ± worldwide, especially Mediterranean, western and central Asia. [Lledo et al. 1998 Syst Bot 23:21–29] Some cultivated as ornamental (Limonium used as dried flower). —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Plumbaginaceae
(Annual) perennial herb, scapose; rhizome ± woody. Leaf: few to many; basal generally in rosette, oblanceolate to obovate, entire or lobed, generally petioled; cauline generally small, scale-like. Inflorescence: panicle, branched ± at plant base, flowers in sessile, 1–3(5) flowered spike-like clusters, each 3-bracted at base, clusters evenly spaced along branches to crowded at branch tips. Flower: calyx funnel-shaped, base tubular, lobes generally fused, generally 5–10-ribbed, generally pink to blue; petals free, white to yellow or pale violet; styles 5, ± free.Key to Limonium
± 300 species: ± worldwide, generally in saline soils. (Greek: meadow, from habitat of many species) [Karis 2004 Biol J Linn Soc 144:461–482] Many cultivated species; those of Mediterranean origin potentially could escape and naturalize. Limonium arborescens Kuntze, illeg. may have been misappl. to the waif Limonium brassicifolium (Webb & Berthel.) Kuntze.
Unabridged references: [Kunkel & Sunding 1967 Cuad Bot 2:9–18; Pignatti 1972 Flora Europaea 3:38–50; Lledo et al. 2005 Amer J Bot 92: 1189–1198; Smith 2005 FNANM 5:606–611]
Erect, 20–30 cm. Leaf: basal leaves 1–4 cm, 5–9 mm wide, oblanceolate to spoon-shaped, tip obtuse. Inflorescence: wings 0; proximal inflorescence axis bracts deltate to linear, not clasping; flowers on proximal 1–5 branches generally sterile; clusters 1–3-flowered, ± curved, evenly distributed on terminal 2–3(6) cm of branch tips, 2–4 per cm; flower bracts 4.5–5 mm. Flower: calyx (4.5)5.5–6 mm, limb 1.5 × tube, midrib extended to tip, persisting and spreading to recurved in fruit; corolla ± 8 mm, pale pink.
Coastal salt marsh, coastal scrub, riparian scrub, disturbed areas; < 445 m. South Coast, San Gabriel Mountains (Verdugo Mtns), Peninsular Ranges; native to western Mediterranean. Sep–Jun [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Limonium californicum
Next taxon: Limonium otolepis
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 3 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Limonium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=88826, accessed on Mar 3 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Limonium duriusculum|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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