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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to perennial herb (to tree). Leaf: cauline or basal, alternate, opposite, or whorled, generally simple and toothed (to pinnately compound); stipules 0 or generally deciduous. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1 in axils; bracted. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, often opening at either dawn or dusk; hypanthium generally prolonged beyond ovary (measured from ovary tip to sepal base); sepals 4(2–7); petals 4(2–7, rarely 0), often fading darker; stamens 2 × or = sepals in number, anthers 2-chambered, opening lengthwise, pollen interconnected by threads; ovary inferior, chambers generally as many as sepals (sometimes becoming 1), placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1–many per chamber, style 1, stigma 4-lobed (or lobes as many as sepals), club-shaped, spheric, or hemispheric. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal (sometimes berry or indehiscent and nut-like). Seed: sometimes winged or hair-tufted.
22 genera, ± 657 species: worldwide, especially western North America; many cultivated (Clarkia, Epilobium, Fuchsia, Oenothera). [Wagner et al. 2007 Syst Bot Monogr 83:1–240] Gaura moved to Oenothera. Fuchsia magellanica Lam. naturalized in northern California. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Munz 1965 North America Fl II 5:1–278]
Key to Onagraceae
Annual, occasionally perennial herb, from taproot. Leaf: basal and cauline, alternate, lanceolate to ovate, pinnately lobed with large terminal lobe (simple), margin dentate to entire, abaxial face and/or margin with ± conspicuous brown oil cells, long-petioled. Inflorescence: erect or nodding raceme. Flower: generally opening at dawn (occasionally at dusk); sepals 4, reflexed; petals 4, yellow or white (often fading orange-red) or lavender, generally fading red, if yellow generally strongly ultraviolet reflective, often with 1+ red spots near base, occasionally non-reflective near base or throughout; stamens (4)8, longer opposite sepals, anthers attached at middle, filaments long-ciliate or glabrous, pollen grains 3-angled at 20×; stigma entire and spheric or rarely conic-peltate, generally > anthers and cross-pollinated or ± = anthers and self-pollinated. Fruit: straight to curved, not twisted or coiled, valves with obvious midrib, pedicelled. Seed: in 2 rows per chamber, lenticular to narrowly ovoid, with ± pronounced membranous margin when immature.Key to Chylismia
16 species: western North America. (Greek: juice) [Wagner et al. 2007 Syst Bot Monogr 83:1–240] Incl in Camissonia in TJM (1993).
Unabridged references: [Raven 1969 Contr US Natl Herb 37:161–396]
Annual, strigose or hairs spreading. Stem: 3–75 cm. Leaf: generally basal, simple to 1-pinnate; terminal leaflet < 65 mm, lateral leaflets generally < 10 mm or 0. Inflorescence: nodding. Flower: opening at dawn; hypanthium 3–8 mm; sepals 5–9 mm, tips in bud generally free and ± terminal; petals 3–18 mm, yellow, rarely bases red-dotted; stamens ± equal. Fruit: 18–92 mm, ascending to spreading, cylindric, straight or curved; pedicel 2–20 mm. Seed: 1–1.5 mm.
2n=14. [Camissonia brevipes (A. Gray) P.H. Raven] [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Oenothera brevipes A. Gray]
Hairs spreading. Flower: bud not reflexed; hypanthium 4–8 mm; petals 6–18 mm, not red-dotted, not fading red. Fruit: 20–92 mm; pedicel 5–20 mm.
Sandy slopes, washes, alluvial fans, Joshua-tree woodland (moister areas than other subspecies); -70–1800 m. Desert; to southwestern Utah. Intergrades with Chylismia brevipes subsp. pallidula; hybridizes with Chylismia claviformis, Chylismia munzii. Mar–May [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Chylismia brevipes subsp. arizonica
Next taxon: Chylismia brevipes subsp. pallidula
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 29 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Chylismia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=86370, accessed on May 29 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Chylismia brevipes subsp. brevipes|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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