Directory       News       Site Map       Home
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon


Steven R. Hill, except as noted

Annual to tree; generally with stellate hairs, often with bristles or peltate scales; juice generally mucilage-like; bark fibrous. Leaf: generally cauline, alternate, petioled, simple [palmate-compound], generally palmate-lobed and/or veined, generally toothed, evergreen or not; stipules persistent or not. Inflorescence: head, spike, raceme, or panicle, in panicle or not (a compound panicle), or flowers >= 1 in leaf axils, or flowers generally 1 opposite a leaf or on a spur; bracts leaf-like or not; bractlets 0 or on flowering stalks, often closely subtending calyx, generally in involucel. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 5, generally fused at base, abutting in bud, larger in fruit or not, nectaries as tufts of glandular hairs at base; petals (0)5, free from each other but generally fused at base to, falling with filament tube, clawed or not; stamens 5–many, filaments fused for most of length into tube around style, staminodes 5, alternate stamens, or generally 0; pistil 1, ovary superior, stalked or generally not, chambers generally >= 5, styles or style branches, stigmas generally 1 or 1–2 × chamber number. Fruit: loculicidal capsule, [berry], or 5–many, disk- or wedge-shaped segments (= mericarps).
266 genera, 4025 species: worldwide, especially warm regions; some cultivated (e.g., Abelmoschus okra; Alcea hollyhock; Gossypium cotton; Hibiscus hibiscus). [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553] Recently treated to include Bombacaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae. Mature fruit needed for identification; "outer edges" are surfaces between sides and back (abaxial surface) of segment. "Flower stalk" used instead of "pedicel," "peduncle," especially where both needed (i.e., when flowers both 1 in leaf axils and otherwise). —Scientific Editors: Steven R. Hill, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Alverson et al. 1999 Amer J Bot 86:1474–1486; Bayer et al. 1999 Bot J Linn Soc 129:267–303; Hill 2009 Madroño 56:104–111]

Key to Malvaceae


1 sp.: tropics, subtropics, eastern Australia, Norfolk Island, Lord Howe Island. (A. de Laguna, Spanish botanist, physician to Pope Julius III) [Craven et al. 2006 Blumea 51:345–353] Cult widely as ornamental, rarely escaped; pinnate-veined leaves notable in family; sterile material may be hard to place.
Unabridged references: [Harden, ed 1990–1993 Flora of New South Wales; Craven et al. 2006 Blumea 51:345–353]

Shrub to small tree 2–10(15) m, evergreen. Stem: bark smooth, gray; twigs stellate-hairy. Leaf: petiole ± 1 cm; blade 5–10 cm, ovate, entire, pinnately veined, blunt, ± thick, leathery, olive-green, densely felty-stellate-hairy abaxially. Inflorescence: flowers generally 1 in leaf axils; flowering stalks stout; involucel lobes 3–5, generally ovate, enclosing flower bud, generally deciduous. Flower: 3.5–8 cm diam; sepals fused, lobes short; petals showy, reflexed, waxy, pink to rose-pink, fading white; anthers throughout filament tube; stigma club-shaped at top, lobes 5, radiating. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal, ± 4 cm, 2 cm diam before opening, filled with irritant hairs; chambers 5, walls firm, persistent, brown, fuzzy-hairy. Seed: reniform, smooth, orange to red when fresh.
Coastal riparian forest; < 10 m. South Coast; tropics, subtropics, eastern Australia, Norfolk Island, Lord Howe Island. Producing seed and naturalized recently, only along Santa Margarita River (Hill 2009); salt tolerant. Jun–Aug [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Lagunaria
Next taxon: Lavatera


Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 27 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Lagunaria, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 27 2015

Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Lagunaria patersonia Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records


CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.