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ASPHODELACEAE ASPHODEL FAMILY

Dale W. McNeal

Annual, perennial herb, shrub [tree], fleshy or not, rhizomed. Stem: branched or not. Leaf: basal or ± so or in terminal clusters, alternate, linear to widely lanceolate [ovate], small (1.5–27 cm, 0.5–3 mm wide) [to large (1.9–4 m, 3–6 cm wide)], leathery or not, fleshy or not, entire or with minute sharp teeth or coarse prickles. Inflorescence: panicle [spike, raceme], bracts scattered. Flower: perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, radial or ± bilateral, free or ± fused; stamens 6, equal or not, anthers attached at base or middle; ovary superior, chambers 3. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal. Seed: 6–many, flat, angled, or winged, gray, brown, ± black, black-brown.
± 17 genera, 800 species: Africa, Mediterranean to central Asia. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Asphodelaceae

ALOE
Perennial herb, shrub [tree], fleshy, sap bitter. Stem: branched or not. Leaf: basal and cauline, reduced upward, simple, base clasping, margin with coarse prickles [entire]. Inflorescence: generally axillary, generally ± scapose, [spike] raceme or panicle with many raceme-like branches, bracted. Flower: generally nodding, odor 0; perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, fused except near tip [± to base]; stamens [3 or]6, unequal; ovary superior, chambers 3, style slender. Seed: many, flat, generally winged.
± 300 species: Mediterranean Europe, southern Asia, especially Africa. (Arabic name for these plants) Aloe striatula Haw. may be naturalizing locally in San Francisco Bay Area (Berkeley Hills).
Unabridged references: [Reynolds 1950 Aloës of S Africa, Cape Times Ltd]

Key to Aloe

A. ×schoenlandii Baker
NATURALIZED
Erect to decumbent in age. Stem: 0.5–9 dm, loosely clustered, branched. Leaf: 2–2.5 dm, 9–12 cm wide, triangular-ovate to lanceolate, pale green, white-spotted, glaucous. Inflorescence: branches 5–10, raceme-like, 25–90-flowered, 4–9 dm, dense. Flower: perianth 25–32 mm, 3–10 mm wide, ± constricted above ovary, red; stamens ± equal, 25–35 mm, anthers 3–5 mm. Fruit: 20–35 mm, 6–15 mm wide, oblong, brown. Seed: ± 5 mm, sterile.
Coastal-sage scrub; < 100 m. South Coast (La Jolla, San Diego Co.); widely naturalized; native to South Africa. [Aloe saponaria (Aiton) Haw. ×Aloe striata Haw.] Sterile natural hybrid between Aloe maculata All. and Aloe striata Haw. of S. Africa, apparently planted in La Jolla in early 1900s, now well established, reproducing vegetatively. Apr [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 25 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Aloe, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=82544, accessed on Oct 25 2014

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Aloe X schoenlandii Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.