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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender.
Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often ± connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0.
Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1–many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia).
Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, ± free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2–several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2–5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2–3 branches.
Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely ± dehiscent), generally sessile.
Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate n hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). [Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:3–215] Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5–8. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Caryophyllaceae
Annual, erect, taprooted.
Leaf: blade linear to narrowly lanceolate; vein 1 or lateral pair faint.
Inflorescence: terminal; flowers 1–few; peduncles, pedicels 4–20+ cm.
Flower: sepals 5, fused, hairs long, ascending, appressed, tube prominent, 12–17 mm, 7–12 mm diam, ovoid to widely cylindric, round in ×-section, strongly 10-ribbed, lobes generally 12–50 mm, > tube, linear; petals 5, 24–40 mm, claw long, limb entire or notched; styles 5, 10–12 mm.
Fruit: capsule, ovoid; teeth 5, ascending.
Seed: many, black.
2 species: Medit Europe. (Greek: field garland) [Thieret 2005 FNANM 5:214–215]
Plant 30–90+ cm; hairs dense, long, silky, ± appressed.
Stem: simple or sparingly branched above.
Leaf: 5–15 cm.
Flower: sepals green; petals exserted 10–20 mm, obovate, rounded to truncate, purple-red; stamens exserted 8–10 mm.
Seed: 3–3.5 mm, widely ovate; tubercles thin, triangular.
2n=48. Disturbed areas; < 1000 m. Inner North Coast Ranges, n Sierra Nevada, Sacramento Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast;
Previous taxon: Agrostemma
Next taxon: Arenaria
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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