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AMARYLLIDACEAE AMARYLLIS FAMILY

Dale W. McNeal

Perennial herb, generally from bulb, coat membranous. Stem: erect, generally cylindric, solid. Leaf: basal, sessile. Inflorescence: scapose, umbel-like or 1-flowered; bracts generally 2(8), conspicuous, ± fused. Flower: perianth often with a conspicuous, ± tubular crown, parts 6, in 2 whorls, petal-like, [free to] ± fused, radial or not; stamens 6, ± fused to perianth, ± united, anthers attached at base; ovary inferior, chambers 3, each many-ovuled, style 1, stigmas 1 or 3. Fruit: generally capsule, dry, loculicidal, or fleshy berry.
± 60 genera, 800 species. [Meerow & Snijman 2006 Aliso 22:355–366] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Amaryllidaceae

PANCRATIUM
Bulb very deep, 4–8 cm, tapered to a long neck. Stem: 40–50+ cm, compressed. Leaf: ± = stem, 20–30 mm wide. Inflorescence: umbel-like, 3–14-flowered; bracts 2, 4–7 cm; pedicels 5–10 mm. Flower: very fragrant, perianth parts 3–5 cm, lance-linear, white, tube 1.5–10 cm, slender; crown a conspicuous tube with 12 triangular teeth; stamens fused to, exserted from crown, alternate crown teeth; stigma obscurely 3-lobed. Fruit: loculicidal capsule. Seed: 12–40, black.
15 species: southern Europe to tropical Africa. (Greek: athletic contest)

P. maritimum L.
NATURALIZED
Stem, leaf glaucous. Flower: crown >= perianth parts; anthers <= filaments. Fruit: ± spheric, obscurely triangular in ×-section.
Coastal dunes; < 10 m. South Coast (El Segundo Dunes, just w of Los Angeles International Airport, site of former subdivision); southern Europe. Jun–Jul [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 30 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Pancratium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=82014, accessed on Sep 30 2014

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Pancratium maritimum Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.