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Key to families | Table of families and genera

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Mihai Costea, except as noted

Annual to subshrub; monoecious and/or dioecious; occasionally spiny; hairs simple (branched). Leaf: blade simple, alternate or opposite, margins entire or serrate; veins pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: axillary or terminal; 3-flowered cymes in dense spikes, heads or panicles; bracts 0 or 1–5, persistent; bractlets 0–2. Flower: bisexual or unisexual, small, green (± white), yellow or purple; perianth parts 0 or (1)3–5, free or fused basally, scarious or hardened, persistent; stamens 1–5, opposite perianth parts, free or basally fused as a tube, generally unequal, occasionally alternate with appendages on stamen tubes (pseudostaminodes), anthers 2- or 4-chambered; ovary superior, chamber 1; ovule 1 (2–many); style (0)1–3, stigmas 1–3(5). Fruit: utricle; generally with persistent perianth or bracts. Seed: 1 [2+], small, lenticular to spheric, smooth or dotted to striate or tubercled.
± 75 genera, 900 species: cosmopolitan, especially disturbed, arid, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food, ornamental; many naturalized, ruderal or agricultural weeds. [Müller & Borsch 2005 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 92:66–102] Amaranthaceae including Chenopodiaceae by some. Polycnemoideae, represented in California by Nitrophila, formerly considered subfamily of Chenopodiaceae, but needs further research. Guilleminea densa (Willd.) Moq. var. aggregata Uline & W.L. Bray is a waif. Froelichia gracilis (Hook.) Moq. is an historical waif. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Kadereit et al. 2003 Int J Plant Sci 164:959–986; Robertson 1981 J Arnold Arbor 62:267–313]

Key to Amaranthaceae

Annual or subshrub, canescent to densely woolly, or glabrous in age; hairs forked. Leaf: generally opposite, occasionally alternate at base, sessile or short-petioled, petiole <= 2.5 mm; blade round to lanceolate, cordate, base wedge-shaped or oblique, tip acute to obtuse, margins entire, papery to fleshy. Inflorescence: axillary head-like cymes, flowers 1–3(5), sessile, ± enclosed by 2 ± opposite leaves hardened and fused in age; bracts, bractlets persistent, ovate, scarious, woolly. Flower: bisexual; perianth parts 5, free, keeled, outer 3 > inner 2, scarious or leathery, glabrous or woolly, tip acute or obtuse; stamens 5, filaments fused at base into short tube, anthers 2-chambered, pseudostaminodes 0 or short, triangular, ± 0.2 mm; ovary ± spheric, ovule 1, style 0 or short, ± 0.1 mm, stigmas 2-lobed, deltoid (irregularly 3-lobed). Fruit: ± spheric, wall membranous. Seed: obovoid, brown-red.
7 species: western North America, West Indies, deserts. (Ivar T. Tidestrom, Swedish-born botanist of southwest United States, 1864–1956)

Key to Tidestromia

T. suffruticosa (Torr.) Standl. var. oblongifolia (S. Watson) Sánch.Pino & Flores Olv. HONEYSWEET
Stem: 10–60 cm, ascending or decumbent, woolly. Leaf: 10–50(60) mm, 4–22 mm wide, oblong to narrowly ovate or round, papery, persistently gray-white, base cordate. Inflorescence: 1–3-flowered; involucre leaf blades 3–25 mm, 2–20 mm wide, like stem leaves; bracts 0.8–1.5 mm, 0.8–1.5 mm wide, bractlets 0.8–1.5 mm, 0.6–1.5 mm wide, woolly, occasionally glabrous in age, tip acute or obtuse. Flower: perianth 1.7–2.7 mm, ± yellow or yellow-brown, densely woolly, occasionally glabrous in age; stamen tube 0.3–0.8 mm; filaments 0.4–0.8 mm. Fruit: 1–2 mm. Seed: 0.9–1.6 mm.
Dry washes, rocky hillsides, sandy or slightly alkaline soils; < 1200 m. Desert; Nevada, Arizona, northern Baja California. [Tidestromia oblongifolia (S. Watson) Standl.] Apr–Dec [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Tidestromia oblongifolia subsp. cryptantha (S. Watson) Wiggins]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Mar 29 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Tidestromia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Mar 29 2015

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Tidestromia suffruticosa var. oblongifolia Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.