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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender.
Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often ± connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0.
Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1–many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia).
Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, ± free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2–several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2–5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2–3 branches.
Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely ± dehiscent), generally sessile.
Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate n hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). [Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:3–215] Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5–8. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Caryophyllaceae
Annual, matted or tufted, taprooted, glabrous.Key to Polycarpon
Leaf: opposite, appearing whorled or not; stipules 0.4–2.8 mm, lanceolate to triangular, scarious, entire to irregularly toothed or cut, white; petiole generally ± present; blade oblanceolate to obovate; vein 1.
Inflorescence: axillary, open to dense; flowers few to many; pedicels 0.2–2 mm.
Flower: sepals 5, ± free, 1–2.2 mm, lanceolate to ovate, glabrous, margin scarious, white, awn conic to widely triangular; petals 5, 0.5–1.1 mm, entire or notched; stamens 3–5, ± fused at base; style 1, 3-branched, 0.1–0.3 mm.
Fruit: capsule, ovoid to spheric; valves 3, margin rolled inward.
Seed: several, brown.
15 species: worldwide. (Greek: many fruit, from capsule number) [Thieret & Rabeler 2005 FNANM 5:25–26]
Stem: prostrate to erect, often much-branched, especially above, 3–17 cm.
Leaf: stipules lanceolate to widely triangular; petiole 0 or tapered to blade; blade 4–12 mm, obovate.
Flower: sepals lanceolate to ovate, awn widely triangular; petals linear to elliptic.
Seed: 0.4–0.5 mm, obliquely triangular, granular.
2n=32,48,64. Disturbed shaded areas, roadsides; < 450 m, 1180 m. Outer North Coast Ranges, n Sierra Nevada Foothills, c Sierra Nevada, Sacramento Valley, Central Coast, South Coast, San Gabriel Mountains;
Previous taxon: Polycarpon depressum
Next taxon: Pseudostellaria
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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