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LILIACEAE LILY FAMILY

Dale W. McNeal, except as noted

Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, ± umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or ± fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or ± so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3–many, flat or angled, brown to black.
16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes. —Scientific Editors: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Liliaceae

TULIPA
Bulb coat generally hairy adaxially. Leaf: cauline, alternate, ± fleshy, ± smaller upward. Inflorescence: flowers 1[4]. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free; stamens 6, anthers attached at base; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules many, style 1, short or 0, stigma 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal, spheric or elliptic. Seed: many, flat, black.
± 150 species: northern temperate, Eurasia. (Persian or Turkish: turban)

T. clusiana DC. TULIP
NATURALIZED
Bulb 2–3.5 cm, 1–2.5 cm wide, coat long-wavy-hairy adaxially, forming a felt that protrudes from top. Leaf: 2–6(12), linear to lance-linear. Flower: perianth parts generally with a basal, small ± purple blotch adaxially, outer 30–60 mm, lance-elliptic to elliptic, generally white with pink-red tinge or wide central band abaxially or not, inner 25–50 mm, oblong-oblanceolate to obovate, generally white; anthers 4.5–9 mm; ovary ± 10 mm, elliptic.
Disturbed places; < 500 m. Peninsular Ranges (spontaneous at site of former Desert Nursery near Riverside); eastern Europe; native Iran to northern Pakistan. Spring–summer [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Aug 1 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Tulipa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=81354, accessed on Aug 1 2014

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Bioregions in which Tulipa clusiana occurs Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.