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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, ± umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or ± fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or ± so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3–many, flat or angled, brown to black.
16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes. —Scientific Editors: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Liliaceae
Bulb coat generally hairy adaxially. Leaf: cauline, alternate, ± fleshy, ± smaller upward. Inflorescence: flowers 1. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free; stamens 6, anthers attached at base; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules many, style 1, short or 0, stigma 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal, spheric or elliptic. Seed: many, flat, black.
± 150 species: northern temperate, Eurasia. (Persian or Turkish: turban)
Bulb 2–3.5 cm, 1–2.5 cm wide, coat long-wavy-hairy adaxially, forming a felt that protrudes from top. Leaf: 2–6(12), linear to lance-linear. Flower: perianth parts generally with a basal, small ± purple blotch adaxially, outer 30–60 mm, lance-elliptic to elliptic, generally white with pink-red tinge or wide central band abaxially or not, inner 25–50 mm, oblong-oblanceolate to obovate, generally white; anthers 4.5–9 mm; ovary ± 10 mm, elliptic.
Disturbed places; < 500 m. Peninsular Ranges (spontaneous at site of former Desert Nursery near Riverside); eastern Europe; native Iran to northern Pakistan. Spring–summer [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Tulipa
Next taxon: Melanthiaceae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 12 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Tulipa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=81354, accessed on Mar 12 2014
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