|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Vine [(annual), shrub, tree]. Stem: tendrils present or not. Leaf: petioled, alternate [opposite], palmately lobed to unlobed [compound], entire to serrate, generally glandular, palmately [pinnately] veined; stipuled. Inflorescence: axillary, 1–2 per node [cymes]; flowers generally bracted. Flower: radial [bilateral], with a tube, cup, or disk from fused sepals and petals [and stamen filaments]; sepals 5, petals 5 or 0; generally a whorl of filamentous structures or knobs ("corona") at edge of hypanthium, generally brightly colored; stamens 5[± 25], attached just below ovary [or edge of hypanthium]; ovary stalked to ± sessile, carpels 3, chamber 1, placentas parietal, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: berry [capsule]. Seed: generally many, generally flattened, with aril.
17 genera, ± 750 species: worldwide tropics, some temperate. [Feuillet & MacDougal 2007 Fam Generally Vasc Plant 9:270–281] —Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Stem: round to angled, tendrils in axils. Leaf: glandular or not, glabrous to hairy; stipules minute to leaf-like, glandular or not, persistent or not. Inflorescence: generally 1 per node; generally bracted, bracts minute to leaf-like, glandular or not. Flower: ± green to brightly colored; anthers easily rotated; ovary generally stalked, styles 3 , stigmas rounded to lobed.Key to Passiflora
± 540 species: edible juice from arils of some species. (Latin: passion or suffering + flower, for flower symbolizing Christ's crucifixion) [Ulmer & MacDougal 2004 Passiflora: Passionflowers of the World. Timber Press] Many species popular in horticulture.
Leaf: margin serrate; stipules early-deciduous. Flower: generally pendent; corona knobs white; stigmas round. Fruit: 10–14 cm, 3.5–4.5 cm wide, oblong to elongate-ellipsoid, yellow to yellow-orange.
Pine, oak, or riparian woodland; < 100 m. Central Coast; native to northern South America. [Passiflora mollissima (Kunth) L.H. Bailey, misappl.] Passiflora mixta L. f., a waif in San Francisco Bay Area, is similar but with angular stems and persistent stipules. Jun–Dec [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: ± frost-intolerant; invasive in Hawaii, New Zealand.
Previous taxon: Passiflora caerulea
Next taxon: Phrymaceae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 27 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Passiflora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=81250, accessed on Nov 27 2014
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Passiflora tarminiana|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month